Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Rushes

Juncus

* photos taken on Aug 25 2013 @ University of Maryland, College Park


* photos of unknown internet source


Juncus effusus ( Common Rush )
A fast growing, stiffly-upright, clumping perennial, reaching up to 4 x 3 feet, with deep green spiky, evergreen stems. This extremely widespread plant may be of great ornamental value in some areas yet invasive in others. It is native to Alaska and most of Canada except for the Arctic. It is also native to most of the U.S. except the desert southwest, the southern Rockies and the Great Plains. In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario regions; it was local and uncommon at Point Pelee and the Lake Erie Islands during the 1800s. It was abundant on the Ohio shore and at Detroit, Michigan during that time. The foliage is rich mid-green.
Hardy zones 2 to 9 in full sun to partial shade on moist to wet or swampy soils. It can tolerate up to 1 foot of water. It is deer resistant.

* photos taken on Sep 14 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Oct 14 2013 in Harford Co., MD

* photos taken on May 7 2014 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photo taken on May 20 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 24 2016 in Columbia, MD

* excellent video found on Youtube


'Big Twister'
Coiled, twisted, rich-green stems reaching up to 2 feet in height.
Moderate growing.

* photo taken on May 7 2014 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD


'Curly Wurly'
Coiled, twisted, rich-green stems reaching up to 1 foot in height.

'Unicorn'
Robust and ornamental, reaching up to 1.5 x 1.5 feet with corkscrew twisted, deep green stems.
Hardy zones 4 to 9 in full sun to partial shade.

Juncus inflexus ( European Meadow Rush )
Native to Europe, it has naturalized in parts of northeastern North America.

'Blue Arrow'
Moderate growing and strongly upright, reaching up to 3 x 1 feet in size.
The semi-evergreen to evergreen foliage is intensely bright blue to blue-green.
Hardy zones 5 to 10 in full sun on moist to wet soil thought it can tolerate temporary drought. Extremely heat tolerant.

* photo taken on June 1 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 22 2014 in Howard Co., MD


Juncus patens ( Spreading Rush )
Native from Washington State to southern California. Fast growing, reaching up to 2 x 2 + feet.

'Carman's Gray'
Reaches up to 2 x 2 feet with very attractive intensely blue foliage.
Hardy zones 7 to 9 on moist to wet soil.

'Elk Blue'
Reaches up to 2 x 3 feet.

Juncus tenuis ( Path Rush )
Rhizomatous but is not invasive, reaching up to 1 x 1 foot. It is native from Ketchikan, Alaska to north-central, British Columbia to far northeast Alberta to Winnipeg, Manitoba to Ignace, Ontario to Lake Nipigon, Ontario to Hearst, Ontario to central Quebec to Labrador; south to Arizona to northern Florida. It is found on muddy shorelines or sandy banks. In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it is noted as being common at Point Pelee, the Lake Erie Islands and the Ohio shoreline during the 1800s. It was also abundant at Detroit, Michigan during that time.
It makes a great groundcover between stepping stones.
Hardy zones 2 to 9 in full sun to partial shade.

* photo taken on Mar 18 2017 @ Brookside Gardens, Wheaton, MD

* photo taken by Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora

Moor Grass

Molinia

Molinia caerulea
A cool-season, dense, clumping grass, native from Europe to western Siberia; south to northern Africa to the Middle East. In warmer parts of its range, it is usually found in mountain meadows. In the British Isles, it is found on heaths and bogs.
The foliage and flower height varies depending on variety, however the linear leaves are narrow, only up to 0.3 inches in width.
The flower panicles, up to 20 inches in length, are usually dark purple, ripening mid-summer and remaining attractive until mid-autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in full sun to partial shade on moist, acidic to very acidic, light soils. Tolerant of wet conditions. It is often slow to establish. Propagation is from division or seed.

* USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

'Continuous Ray'
Also called 'Dauerstrahl'. Forms a intense bright green foliage clump up to 1 foot with arching flower plumes up to 4 feet high borne during mid to late summer.
The foliage turns to glowing golden-yellow during autumn.

'Cordoba'
A clumping grass, reaching up to 7.5 x 7 feet, with green foliage, up to 2.5 feet high, that turns to glowing deep golden-yellow during late autumn.
The purple flower spikes are borne during mid to late summer.

'Heidebraut'
Also called 'Bride of the Heath'. A clumping grass, reaching up to 4.2 x 5.7 feet, with green foliage that turns glowing deep golden-yellow during autumn.
The purple flower spikes are borne during mid to late summer.

'Moor Flame'
Forms a compact deep green foliage clump up to 20 inches x 2.5 foot with flower plumes up to 4 feet high borne during mid to late summer.
The fine-textured deep green foliage turns to glowing orangish-red during autumn.

'Moorhexe'
Forms a foliage clump up to 20 x 32 inches. The foliage turns to golden-yellow or orange during autumn. The dark colored flower plumes, up to 3.3 feet high, are borne during mid to late summer.

'Source of Ray'
Also called 'Strahlenquelle'. Forms a foliage clump up to 2 foot with arching, heavy, large, purple flower plumes up to 4 feet high borne during mid to late summer.

'Variegata' ( Variegated Purple Moor Grass )
Forms a foliage clump up to 2 x 2.2 foot with arching flower plumes up to 4 feet high borne during mid to late summer. The attractive foliage is striped yellow.
Thrives in full sun to partial shade.

* photo taken on July 15 2013 in Harford Co., MD

Molina littoralis ( Tall Purple Moor Grass )
Hardy zones 4 to 8

'Fontaine'
Forms a foliage clump up to 4 foot with gracefully arching flower plumes up to 6 feet high borne during mid to late summer. The foliage turns golden-yellow in autumn.

'Friend of the Mountain'
Also called 'Bergfreund'. Forms a foliage clump up to 3 foot with rich colored flower plumes up to 5 feet high borne during mid to late summer.

'Karl Foerster'
Forms a foliage clump up to 3 foot with flower plumes up to 7 feet high borne during mid to late summer.

'Skyracer'
Stiffly upright, forming a gray-green foliage clump up to 3.5 ( often under 2.5 ) x 4 feet with showy golden-yellow flower plumes up to 9 feet high borne during mid to late summer.
The foliage turns to golden-yellow and orange during autumn.

'Staefa'
Forms a foliage clump up to 1 foot with profuse, finely-textured flower plumes up to 5 feet high borne during mid to late summer.

'Transparent'
Forms a foliage clump up to 1 foot with gracefully arching, large flower plumes up to 8 feet high borne during mid to late summer.
The entire plant can reach up to 3 feet across.

* excellent video found on Youtube

'Wind's Game'
Also called 'Windspiel'. Forms a foliage clump up to 15 inches with coppery, upright flower plumes up to 7 feet high borne during mid to late summer.

Wood Rush

Luzula

Luzula luzuloides
A fast spreading to invasive, dense, rhizomatous groundcover grass, reaching a maximum height of 32 inches.
The leaf blades are up to 22 inches in length.
The creamy-white flowers are borne on clusters from early to mid summer.
They are followed by attractive seed heads.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in partial to full shade on just about any soil. It is dry shade tolerant. It is rarely bothered by insect pests or disease.

Luzula nivea 'Ruby Stiletto'
A vigorous, compact, clumping, semi-evegreen to evergreen, perennial grass, reaching a maximum size of 1 x 2 feet. The species is native to subalpine forests in the mountains of central Europe form northern France; south to central Italy and Yugoslavia.
The fine-textured grayish leaves, up to 12 inches long, are tipped and edged red, with the color intensifying during winter into early spring.
The flowers are borne late spring into early summer.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in partial shade on moist, humus-rich, well drained soil. It is rarely bothered by insect pests or disease.

Luzula sylvatica ( Greater Wood Rush )
A beaufiful, dense, strongly rhizomatous, semi-evergreen perennial grass, reaching a maximum size of 3 x 3.5 feet, that is a widespread native to woodlands from Europe to the Caucasus & Turkey.
Greater Wood Rush makes a great woodland groundcover for colder climates. The foliage is luxuriant mid-green. The leaf blades are up to 0.5 inches wide.
The flower stems are up to 3 feet high.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in partial to full shade on moist, humus-rich soil. It is drought and tree root tolerant. Greater Wood Rush is rarely bothered by insect pests or disease.

* photo taken on Aug 1 2013 in Stratford, Ontario


'Aurea'
Glossy yellow foliage; otherwise identical to species.

'Variegata' ( Banded Greater Wood Rush )
Foliage variegated with golden-yellow margins.

Love Grass

Eragrostis ( Love Grass )
A group of perennial grasses that are great for massing, that prefer full sun.

Eragrostis elliottii ( Field Love Grass )
A fast growing, compact, clump-forming grass, reaching up to 3 x 3 feet, that is native to the southeastern U.S. ( from Oklahoma to North Carolina; south to southern Florida )
The attractive finely-textured foliage is blue. Typically deciduous, it is usually evergreen in southern Florida.
The flower plumes last early summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 6 to 9 in full sun on dry, very well drained soil. It is very drought tolerant. Cut back during winter.

* featured in this excellent video found on Youtube


'Wind Dancer'
Reaches up to 4 x 3 feet, with narrow intensely blue-gray to blue-green foliage.
The flower panicles during early summer are white, later drying to tan.
Hardy zones 6 to 9.

Eragrostis spectabilis ( Purple Love Grass )
A fast growing, densely clumping perennial grass, reaching up to 2.5 x 3 ( rarely over 2 ) feet, that is native to much of North America ( from southeast Wyoming to southern Manitoba to central Wisconsin to central Michigan to southeast Quebec to Maine; south to Arizona to Florida ). In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it only remains at the Ojibway Prairie in Windsor. It is usually found on dry open sandy prairie and oak-savanna in the wild.
The bright green foliage turns orange and red during fall.
Fluffy pink flower plumes cover the plant during mid-summer to mid-autumn.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 ( possibly 3 for northern Minnesota seed source ) in full sun on well drained soil that is preferrably sandy.. It generally does not survive for more than 5 years ( unless in ideal conditions and uncrowded ) to allow a few seedlings to develop. Very drought tolerant.

* photos taken on Aug 25 2013 @ University of Maryland, College Park

* photo taken on Sep 23 2013 in Burtonsville, MD

* photos taken on Sep 18 2016 @ Patuxent Research Refuge, Laurel, MD

* photo taken on Oct 15 2016 in Annapolis, MD


Eragrostis trichodes ( Sand Love Grass )
A moderate growing perennial grass, reaching up to 5 feet with bronze colored flower inflorescences, It is native to grasslands if central North America ( from southeast Wyoming to central South Dakota to central Iowa to northwest Indiana; south to southern Arizona to southern Texas to central Alabama ). It is endangered in much of its range due to destruction of natural prairie, Sand Love Grass has become extremely rare and localized in South Dakota, Iowa, Indiana, Mississippi and Alabama.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 in full sun on very well drained soil. Very tolerant of heat and drought.

'Cochise'
text coming soon

* Photo courtesy of USDA NRCS.


'Mason'
text coming soon

* Photo courtesy of USDA NRCS.

Hair Grass

Deschampsia

Deschampsia caespitosa ( Tufted Hair Grass )
A fast growing, finely textured grass, forming a semi-evergreen ( evergreen zones 7 to 9 ) foliage clump reaching a maximum size of 3.5 x 5 feet. It is native to North America ( from far northern Alaska to Nunuvat to Greenland; south to California to South Dakota to North Carolina ) as well as northern Eurasia. The Tufted Hair Grass is a cool season grass that grows mostly during spring and fall though remaining green during summer.
It is an excellent choice for mass plantings on wet sites.
The deep green leaves are very narrow, up to 0.2 inches wide.
The pale purplish-green flower panicles up to 10 inches in length, appear during mid-summer.
They are followed by loose, airy, hazy seed panicles, reaching up to 6 feet high.
This grass remains attractive during autumn and winter.
Hardy zones 4 to 9 ( likely 1 or 2 for seed source from the Northwest Terr. & northeast Alberta ) in sun or partial shade ( may need protection from hot afternoon sun ) on moist, well drained soil. Very soil tolerant including wet clays. Cut back ( to 1/3 height - more may damage the crown ) very early during spring before new growth begins. Dividing should also be done very early in spring.

* USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

* photo taken on Aug 7 2014 in Elkridge, MD

* excellent video found on Youtube


'Bronze Veil'
Also called 'Bronzeschleier'.
Forms a tufted evergreen clump up to 4.5 x 5.5 ( rarely over 3 x 2.5 ) feet, topped with bronze-yellow inflorescences up to 4.5 feet during autumn.
The foliage is glossy rich mid-green.

* photos taken on July 30 2013 in Grand Bend, Ontario


'Gold Dust'
Forms a tufted evergreen clump up to 2 x 4 feet, topped with yellow flower inflorescences up to 5 feet during autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

'Gold Veil'
Reaches up to 2 feet with bright yellow inflorescences.

'Golden Pendant'
Reaches up to 3 feet with golden-yellow inflorescences.

'Northern Lights'
Forms a foliage clump up to 1.5 x 2 feet, it does not flower.
The highly attractive foliage is boldly variegated with a white margin that turns to pink during fall and winter.

'Schottland ( Scottish Tufted Hair Grass )
Forms a tufted, deep green, evergreen clump up to 3.5 x 5 feet, topped with giant, bright green, airy inflorescences up to 5.5 feet during autumn.

'Tardiflora'
Reaches up to 3 feet with flower inflorescences borne during late summer.

Deschampsia flexuosa ( Tufted Hair Grass )
Reaches up to 1 x 1 foot, that is native to eastern North America ( from far northwest Minnesota to the north shore of Lake Superior to Haliburton, Ontario to central Quebec to Labrador, Newfoundland and Greenland; south to Wisconsin to central Tennessee to North Carolina ). It is endangered in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ohio and Kentucky. It is found on rocky open woodland.
The leaf blades are up to 8 inches in length. The fine-textured foliage is bright green.
The golden-yellow flower inflorescences, up to 4.8 inches in length and up to 3.5 feet high are borne during mid to late summer.
An excellent groundcover and looks great planted with heather.
Hardy zones 4 to 9 ( 2 & 3 on very protected sites ) in full sun to partial shade on acidic moist soil though it is tolerant of temporary drought.