Monday, March 22, 2010

Daffodils & Narcissus

Many Daffodils and Narcissus are drought tolerant however fail to bloom if rainfall during flowering season is not adequate. They are also tolerant of heat, humidity and drought. Excellent planted with Vinca and low Cotoneaster. Daffodils and Narcissus's are excellent for planting under deciduous shade and naturalizing in woodlands.
Hardy zones 3 to 9 in full sun to partial shade or deciduous shade on fertile, well drained loam. Plant bulbs 8 inches deep and 10 inches apart, with 2 to 3 inches of mulch added on top. Late August through October is the best time to plant. Foliar feeding encourages vigor. Flowers should be deadheaded as they fade but foliage should not be cut until it dies of following years growth will be stunted.
Propagation is from offsets. Clumps can be divided during mid summer.
They are deer and rabbit resistant. The bulbs are poisinous and should not be eaten.
In some regions, Daffodils and Narcissus's are prone to an insect called the Narcissus Bulb Fly, which lays eggs at the foliage base, then the larvae that hatch burrow into the bulbs. It can be controlled by BioSafe or planting in groundcover since this insect has a definately preferance for plants growing on bare ground.

* photos taken in Columbia, MD on March 2010



* photos from unknown source on internet










* photos taken on Mar 23 2011 @ Brookside Gardens, Wheaton, MD


* photos taken on Apr 5 2011 in Columbia, MD










* photos taken on Apr 6 2013 in Columbia, MD


Narcissus asturiensis
Reaches up to 5.5 inches in height with golden-yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers, up to 1.3 inches in length, borne during late winter. Native to Spain.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Narcissus bulbocodium ( Hoop-Petticoat Daffodil )
Reaches up to 20 inches x 1 foot, with rush-like leaves, up to 15 inches in length.
The trumpet-like, yellow flowers, up to 1.7 inches across, with narrow petals, are borne late winter into early spring.
Hardy zones 5 to 9. Native to western Europe.

Narcissus canaliculatus
Reaches up to 9 inches in height, with erect blue-green leaves. The reflexing white flowers have a round golden-yellow cup. The very fragrant flowers are borne 3 to 4 per stem during mid spring.
Hardy zones 6 to 9. Prefers full sun.

Narcissus cantrabricus
Reaches up to 10 inches in height, with erect blue-green leaves, up to 12 inches in length. The reflexing white flowers have a round golden-yellow cup. The very fragrant flowers are borne 3 to 4 per stem during early spring. Native to southern Spain.
Hardy zones 6 to 9. Prefers full sun.

Narcissus cyclamineus ( Cyclamin Flowered Narcissus )
Reaches up to 1 x 1 foot, with narrow, bright green leaves up to 12 inches in length.
The drooping, golden-yellow flowers, up to 3.2 inches in length, have back-swept petals and a narrow trumpet.
Hardy zones 3 to 9, prefers light shade and moist soil.
Native to southern Spain where it is endangered.

'February Gold'
Golden-yellow flowers.

'February Silver'
White flowers.

'Jack Snipe'
Creamy-white flowers with a golden-yellow trumpet.

'Peeping Tom'
Reaches up to 16 inches, with golden-yellow flowers with a deeper golden-yellow trumpet.

'Tete-a-Tete'
Reaches up to 8 inches in height, bearing profuse, fragrant, deep golden-yellow ( with yellowish-orange cups ) flowers borne 2 or 3 on a stem during early spring. Great for naturalizing, it forms large colonies.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photos taken on Apr 5 2011 in Baltimore City, MD





* photo taken on Mar 8 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Mar 15 2012 in Columbia, MD



* photos taken on Apr 6 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Apr 11 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Mar 18 2017 @ Brookside Gardens, Wheaton, MD


Narcissus x gracilis
A hybrid reaching up to 16 inches in height, with very fragrant, short-cupped, pale-yellow flowers, up to 2 inches across, borne during late spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Narcissus jonquilla ( Jonquil )
Reaches up to 20 inches x 1 foot, with deep green, rush-like leaves up to 18 inches in length.
The very fragrant, small-cupped flowers, up to 1.6 inches across, are borne in clusters of 2 to 6 during mid spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9.

* photos taken on Apr 20 2015 in Columbia, MD


'Floro Pleno'
Double flowers.

'Golden Sceptre'
Very fragrant, golden-yellow flowers with a very deep cup.

'Suzy'
Very fragrant, bright yellow flowers with an orange cup.

'Trevithian'
Very fragrant, pale yellow flowers.

Narcissus juncifolius ( Rush Leaved Jonquil )
Reaches up to 10 inches in height, with rush-like leaves, up to 8 inches in length.
The very fragrant, bright yellow, small-cupped flowers, up to 0.8 inches across, are borne in clusters of 2 to 5 during early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Narcissus minor
Reaches up to 8 x 6 inches, with leaves up to 6 inches in length.
The yellow flowers, up to 1.6 inches in length, with paler twisted petals, are borne early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. Native to the Pyrenees.

Narcissus nanus
Reaches up to 6 inches in height, with leaves up to 6 inches in length. It is more erect in habit with broader flowers than the very similar Narcissus minor
The light yellow flowers, up to 1.6 inches in length, with paler twisted petals, are borne early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9.

Narcissus obvallaris ( Tenby Daffodil )
Reaches up to 1 foot in height, with leaves up to 12 inches in length.
The golden-yellow, trumpet flowers, up to 2.3 inches, are borne very early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Narcissus x odorus
A hybrid originating in the wild in southwestern Europe, that reaches up to 16 inches x 1 foot. The leaves are up to 12 inches in length.
The very fragrant, bright yellow flowers, up to 2.3 inches across, have a bell-shaped cup. The flowers are borne in clusters of 2 to 4 during early spring.
Hardy zones 4 to 9.

'Plenus'
Double flowers.

Narcissus poeticus ( Poet's Narcissus )
Reaches up to 2 x 1.5 feet, with leaves up to 18 inches in length. It is locally naturalized near Haliburton, Ontario as well as near Wiarton. It is found on grassy meadows and deciduous woodland in the wild.
The flowers are white with a very short yellow cup that is edged in red.
The very fragrant flowers, up to 3.2 inches across, are borne during mid spring.
Hardy zones 4 to 9 ( 3 with reliable snow cover ). Native to southern Europe.

'Recurvus'
Flowers have swept-back petals.

Narcissus pseudonarcissus ( Lent Daffodil )
Reaches up to 15 inches x 1 foot, with leaves, up to 20 inches in length.
The flowers are light yellow with a deeper yellow trumpet.
The flowers, up to 2.3 inches across, are borne during early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. Native to Europe.

* historic archive photo


'Moschatus'
Only reaches up to 6 inches in height, with nodding white flowers.

Narcissus rupicola
Reaches up to 9 inches x 1 foot, with leaves up to 7 inches in length.
The leaves are rush-like.
The very fragrant, bright yellow, small-cupped flowers, up to 0.8 inches across, are borne in clusters of 2 to 5 during early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. Native to Spain.

Narcissus scaberulus
Reaches up to 5 inches in height, with rush-like foliage.
The deep orangish-yellow flowers, up to 1 inch across, have a narrow trumpet, up to 1.3 inches in length.
The flowers are borne during early spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. Requires very well drained soil but likes consistant moisture while blooming.

Narcissus tazetta ( Bunch Flowered Narcissus )
Reaches up to 20 inches x 1 foot, with leaves up to 20 x 0.6 inches in size.
The white flowers have a very shallow light yellow cup.
The very fragrant flowers are borne in clusters of 4 to 8 during winter.
Hardy zones 6 to 9

'Papyraceus'
Pure white flowers during winter.
Hardy zones 5 to 9. Great for forcing in bowls indoors.

Narcissus triandrus
Reaches up to 1 x 1 foot, with leaves up to 12 inches in length.
The pendulous, white to yellow flowers have backswept petals and a globular cup, up to 0.8 inches. The drooping flowers are borne in clusters of up to 6 during early spring.
Hardy zones 4 to 9. Native to southwest Europe.

'Albus'
Reaches up to 4 inches ( bloom height ) with creamy-white flowers.

'Concolor'
Reaches up to 6 inches in height with pale yellow flowers.

'Liberty Bells'
Soft yellow, long cupped flowers.

'Thalia'
Reaches up to 16 inches, with white flowers.

'Tresamble'
White flowers with a creamy yellow base.

Narcissus watieri
Reaches up to 4.8 inches, with rush-like foliage.
The flowers are white to rarely pinkish-white, with a greenish-yellow cup, up to 0.3 inches in length.
The flowers, up to 1.3 inches across, are borne during early spring.

Hybrids ( too many to list here )

* photos taken on Mar 15 2012 in Columbia, MD






















* photos taken on Apr 9 2017 in Columbia, MD


Narcissus 'Accent'
Vigorous, reaching up to 1.5 feet, with white flowers than have a salmon-pink carola.

Narcissus 'Actaea'
Reaches up to 1.5 feet, with fragrant flowers.


* photo taken on April 11 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum



Narcissus 'Dutch Master'
Reaches up to 1.5 feet, with large, pure yellow flowers borne during mid-spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

Narcissus 'Ice Follies'
Long lived and reaching up to 1.5 feet, bearing white flowers during early to mid spring. It is great for naturalizing.
Hardy zones 3 to 8.

* photos taken on Apr 21 2015 in Columbia, MD


Narcissus 'White Tete-a-Tete'
Also called Narcissus 'Toto'. Reaches up to 8 inches in height, bearing profuse, fragrant, yellow ( with yellowish-orange cups ) flowers borne 2 or 3 on a stem during early spring. Great for naturalizing, it forms large colonies.
Hardy zones 3 to 8.

Daffodils & Narcissus...additional photos

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