Friday, December 30, 2011

Phygelius

Phygelius
A small genus of shrubby perennials that are part of the Scrophulariaceae ( Figwort ) family. Phygelius are among the best of all garden plants for attracting hummingbirds to the garden.
They are mostly hardy in zones 8 to 10 ( 7 on protected sites ) in full sun to partial shade, preferring moist soil but tolerating drought once established.
They may be evergreen and shrubby in very mild climates but are perennials elsewhere. Cut all freeze damaged growth to near the woody base during early spring and they regenerate rapidly. They are drought tolerant. Propagation is from suckers, softwood cuttings or seed for the species. Plant during spring only in cold climates in order to encourage full establishment before winter. Mulch roots deeply to protect roots before winter where severe winter weather is expected. Plants may be pinched as they grow during late spring and early summer to encourage denser habit in bloom. Excessive overhead watering ( ex. lawn sprinklers on sunny day ) may damage foliage.

Phygelius aequalis
A shrubby perennial, reaching a maximum size of 5 x 4 feet, that is native to South Africa.
The triangular leaves, up to 4 x 2.5 inches in size, are deep green. The drooping, rose-red, tubular flowers, up to 2 inches in length, are borne on panicles all summer long.
Hardy zones 8 to 10 ( 7 on protected sites ) in full sun on just about any moist, fertile soil.
In cooler climates it can be grown against a warm south facing wall.

Phygelius capensis ( Orange Cape Fuchsia )
A shrubby perennial, reaching a maximum size of 8 x 6.5 ( rarely over 6 ) feet, that is native to South Africa.
The ovate leaves are up to 5 inches in length. It is evergreen in mild climates.
The large, drooping, orange-red ( throated yellow ), tubular flowers, up to 2 inches in length, are borne on panicles all summer long.
Hardy zones 8 to 10 ( 6 & 7 on protected sites ) in full sun.
In cooler climates it can be grown against a warm south facing wall.

Phygelius x rectus
Hybrids of Phygelius aequalis & P. capensis.
Hardy zones 7 to 9 in full sun to partial shade.

'African Queen'
Dense in habit, reaching up to 4 x 4 feet.
The foliage is glossy deep green.
The abundant, intense orange-red ( throated yellow ) flowers, up to 2 inches in length, are borne early summer until autumn frost.
Hardy zones 7 + ( possibly lower on very protected site ).

* photos taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014


'Cherry Ripe'
Compact in habit, reaching up to 3 feet, bearing scarlet-red flowers early summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 7 +.

'Croftway Coral Princess'
Compact and dense in habit, reaching up to 3 x 3 feet, bearing dark coral flowers from late spring until mid-autumn.
The foliage is deep green.
Hardy zones 7 +.

* photo taken on June 24 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Croftway Yellow'
Also called 'Yellow Sovereign'. Compact and dense in habit, reaching up to 2 x 2 feet, bearing yellow flowers from late spring until mid-autumn.
The foliage is deep green.
Hardy zones 7 +.

* photo taken on June 24 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Davil's Tears'
Reaches up to 4 x 4 feet, with deep red flowers borne during late summer.
Hardy zones 7 +.

'Lemon Spritzer'
Fast growing, reaching up to 3.3 x 3 feet, with pale yellow foliage that is splashed creamy-white and deep green.
The pinkish-orange flowers are borne early summer until mid-autumn.
Hardy zones 7 + in partial shade only.

'Moonraker'
A rhizomatous, fast spreading, large perennial up to 6 x 5+ feet, with deep green foliage and creamy-yellow flowers borne on panicles up to 10 inches in length.

'Passionate'
Compact in habit, reaching up to 2 feet, with deep purple foliage contrasting with orange flowers borne early summer into early autumn.
Hardy zones 7 +.

'Purple Prince'
Compact and dense in habit, reaching up to 3 x 3 feet in size, bearing deep purplish-pink flowers.
The foliage is deep green.
Hardy zones 7 +.

'Red Alert'
Compact in habit, reaching up 3 x 2 ( rarely over 1.5 ) feet, with intense scarlet-red flowers.

* photos taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC

* photos taken on May 24 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Salmon Leap'
Reaches up to 5 feet with salmon-pink flowers that have a pale yellow throat.

'Snow Queen'
Compact and dense in habit, reaching up to 3 feet in height.
The dense foliage is deep green.
It bears abundant, pure white flowers from late spring until autumn frosts.
Hardy zones 7 +.

'Sunshine'
Vigorous and dense in habit, reaching up to 4 x 4 feet, with glossy golden-yellow foliage contrasting with red ( throated yellow ) flowers. The flowers typically appear early summer until autumn frost.
Hardy zones 7 +.

'Tredwidden Pink'
Reaches up to 4 x 4 feet.
The foliage is glossy bright green.
The salmon-pink flowers are borne early summer into mid-autumn.

'Winchester Fanfare'
Reaches up to 4 feet, with deep orangish-pink ( with yellow throat ) flowers.

'Yellow Trumpet'
A fast growing, suckering bushy perennial, reaching up to 4 x 3 feet.
The foliage is glossy rich green.
The pale yellow, hanging, bell-shaped flowers are borne all summer long into autumn.
Hardy zones 7 to 10.

RELATED PLANTS

Scrophularia auriculata 'Variegata' ( Variegated Water Figwort )
Also called Scrophularia aquatica 'Variegata'. An upright perennial, reaching up to 3.3 x 2 feet. The parent plant is a widespread native to swampy areas and riverbanks in Europe where it is often a weed.
The toothed, oval to oblong leaves, up to 6 inches in length, are bright green, boldly splashed and striped creamy-white. The basal leaves are evergreen.
The yellow-green flowers aren't showy and it is best to remove them.
The stalks are winged.
Hardy zones 5 to 8 in full sun to partial shade on moist or wet soil. Propagation is from division during early spring. It is highly disease resistant.

Scrophularia macrantha ( New Mexico Figwort )
A perennial, reaching up to 5 feet, that is native to southern New Mexico where it is endangered.
The abundant, scarlet-red, tubular flowers are borne on spikes early summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 in full sun on just about any well drained soil, is very very tolerant of heat and drought.

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