Friday, December 30, 2011

Zauschneria

Zauschneria

Zauschneria arizonica
A moderate growing shrubby perennial, reaching up to 3 x 2 feet, that is native to Arizona.
It is late to green up during spring so it can be mixed with early spring bulbs such as Crocus.
The showy, orange-red, tubular flowers are borne mid summer to early autumn.
The flowers attract hummingbirds.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 in full sun on light, well drained soil. Tolerant of extreme heat as well as drought once established, thriving even in parking lot islands and parking lot islands. Water well for first 2 years, including during winter if excessively dry. Deer resistant. North of zone 8, plant during spring only since it is slow to establish.

Zauschneria californica ( California Fuschia )
A fast growing, rhizomatous, clumping, deciduous to evergreen ( very mild climates ), shrubby perennial, reaching a maximum size of 3 x 6 feet, that is native to southwestern U.S. ( from Oregon to Wyoming; south to California to New Mexico ).
The narrow leaves are up to 2 inches in length, The hairy foliage is gray-green.
The scarlet-red, funnel-shaped flowers, up to 2 inches in length, are borne mid summer to late autumn. The flowers attract hummingbirds.
The stems are slender and arching.
Hardy zones 6 to 9 on a warm sunny location with light, very well drained soil. Drought tolerant and deer resistant. Does not like excessive fertilizer. In colder parts of its range it acts more like a perennial and should be cut to near groundlevel during early spring. It prefers dry conditions during winter. It is surprisingly tolerant of humid climates in the Mid Atlantic region with careful attention to drainage. Propagation is easily done by sowing fresh seeds which will bloom in 2 years. It can also be propagated from taking stem tip cuttings from non-blooming shoots.

* photos taken by Patrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


'Dublin'
One of the more winter hardy cultivars. The foliage is green, otherwise similar.

'Solidarity Pink'
Red-pink flowers.

subsp 'latifolium'
Broader greener leaves.
Hardy zones 5 to 9.

'Wayne's Select'
Reaches up to 1 x 4 feet, bearing intense scarlet-red flowers from early autumn until autumn frosts.
The very attractive foliage is silvery-gray.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 in full sun to partial shade. Thrives in the east, even in Michigan if planted on sand with gravel mulch on a protected site.

Zauschneria canum
Very similar to Z. californica except for having very narrow, silvery-gray foliage.

Zauschneria garrettii ( Garrett's Firechalice )
Also called Zauschneria canum subsp garrettii. A fast growing, evergreen ( where winters are mild ), shrubby, groundcover perennial, reaching up to 1.5 x 1.8 feet in size. It is native from southeast Idaho to western Wyoming; south to most of Utah and northwest Arizona.
The abundant, showy, orange-red to scarlet-red, trumpet-shaped flowers are great for attracting hummingbirds. They are borne early summer through autumn.
Hsrdy zones 4 to 9 ( cover with pine boughs in 4 during winter ) in full sun on light, well drained soil. It is very drought tolerant. It is moderately deer resistant.

'Mountain Flame'
Reaches up to 1.5 x 2 feet, with intense orange-red, trumpet-shaped flowers borne mid summer to early autumn.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 ( reports of 4 ) in partial shade on humus-rich, well drained soil.
Deer resistant and very drought tolerant. Deer resistant.

'Orange Carpet'
A low, mat-forming shrubby perennial, reaching up to 6 inches x 2 feet, that can be used for groundcover.
The foliage is bright green. In mild climates it becomes an evergreen.
The profuse, bright orange flowers are borne mid summer and well into autumn.
The flowers attract hummingbirds.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 in partial shade on humus-rich, well drained soil.
Deer resistant and very drought tolerant.

Zauschneria septentrionalis ( Humboldt County Fuchsia )
A semi-evergreen, mat-forming perennial, reaching up to 1 x 3 feet, that is native to California.
The lance-shaped to oval leaves are gray.
The scarlet-red, tubular flowers are borne late summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 7 to 10

'Select Mattole'
Silvery foliage.

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