Friday, January 9, 2015

Corn Lily

Clintonia

Clintonia andrewsiana
A clumping perennial, reaching up to 20 inches in height, that is native to moist coniferous forests from southwest Oregon to central California.
The leaves, up to 10 x 5 inches in size,
The deep red flowers are borne during late spring.
They are followed by bluish-black berries up to 0.5 inches long.
Hardy zones 7b to 9 in partial shade on moist, humus-rich soil. It thrives in maritime climates.

Clintonia borealis ( Corn Lily )
A rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 16 inches in height, that is native to cool, moist forests of northeastern North America ( from eastern Manitoba to Armstrong, Ontario to Chapleau, Ontario to Newfoundland; south to Minnesota to northern Indiana to North Carolina...not on the Atlantic Coastal Plain south of New York City ).
The 2 to 5 smooth-edged, elliptical or oblong leaves, up to 15 x 5.5 ( rarely over 12 x 3 ) inches in size, are glossy deep green.
The hanging greenish-yellow flowers, up to 0.6 inches long, are borne 3 to 8 atop an erect stem during late spring.
They are followed by rounded, bright blue berries up to 0.4 inches wide.
Hardy zones 2 to 7 in partial to full shade on light, humus-rich soil.

Clintonia umbellulata ( Speckled Wood-Lily )
A rhizomatous, dense, clumping perennial, reaching up to 16 inches in height, that is native to moist forest and swamps in eastern North America ( from central Ohio to western New York; south to eastern Tennessee to northern Georgia ).
The oblong leaves, up to 12 x 4 inches in size, are glossy bright green.
The fragrant flowers, up to 0.5 inches long, are borne on dense umbels during late spring.
They are followed by black berries.
Hardy zones 4 to 8 in partial to full shade on moist, fertile, acidic, humus-rich, well drained soil. Propagation is from division or seed during autumn.

* photo taken by Mark A. Garland @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


Clintonia uniflora ( Bluebead Clintonia )
A rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to that is native to western North America ( from Glacier Bay, Alaska to Mackenzie, British Columbia to Jasper and Banff, Alberta; south to northern California to Idaho to western Montana ).
The leaves, up to 6 x 2.5 inches in size,
The flowers, up to 0.8 inches in length, are borne during late spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9 in partial shade on moist, humus-rich, well drained soil.

* historical archive photo

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