Monday, January 5, 2015

Twisted-Stalk

Streptopus

Streptopus amplexifolius ( Claspleaf Twistedstalk )
A perennial, reaching up to 4 ( rarely over 2 ) feet in height, that is native to boreal forest regions of the world from Eurasia ( central Europe to Japan ) and North America ( Yukon to Northwest Territories to central Saskatchewan to Lake Nipigon, Ontario to Cochrane, Ontario to Newfoundland & Labrador; south to Washington State to Montana to South Dakota to northern Wisconsin to northeast Pennsylvania to Maine...also localized further south in the high Rocky & Smoky Mountains ). It is found further south in some regions in moist, mountain forests. Further north it is found in moist, rich woodland. It is endangered in Saskatchewan.
The oblong leaves are up to 6 x 2.3 ( rarely over 5 ) inches in size. The foliage is blue-green.
The fragrant, greenish-white flowers are up to 0.3 inches in length. They appear during early summer.
Hardy zones 2 to 5 in partial to full shade on moist, cool, humus-rich soil

* historical archive photos



Streptopus roseus ( Rose Twistedstalk )
A multi-stemmed perennial, reaching up to 2 feet in height, that is native to moist rich woods in northeastern North America ( from Manitoba to Lake Nipigon, Ontario to Wawa, Ontario to Chapleau, Ontario to Newfoundland; south to Michigan to far northern Georgia to northern New Jersey...it is not found on the coastal plain south of Pennsylvania ). In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it was locally common around Windsor during the 1800s.
The elliptical leaves, up to 4 x 1.5 inches in size, resemble that of Smilacina racemosa.
The pink flowers, up to 0.5 inches long are borne during late spring into early summer.
They are followed by red berries, up to 0.4 inches wide.
Hardy zones 3 to 7 in partial to full shade on moist, cool, humus-rich soil

* photo taken by Mark A. Garland @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


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