Tuesday, January 5, 2016

Angel's Trumpet

Brugmansia
A genus of 5 species of trees and shrubs native to South America, that are part of the Nightshade family. They are closely related to the Daturas.
They prefer full sun on a site protected from wind. They also enjoy fertile, light, well drained soil. Shorten branches during late winter to encourage a more compact, thicker form.

* photos taken on Oct 17 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


Brugmansia arborea ( Golden Angel's Trumpet )
An evergreen, low-branched, open, small tree, reaching a maximum size of 17 x 8 feet, that is native from northern Chile to Equador. It is found at elevations of 10000 to 12000 feet in the wild.
The large, narrow leaves, up to 16 x 3 inches in size, are mid-green above, bright green beneath.
The white, drooping, trumpet-shaped flowers, up to 12 inches in length, are borne during summer into autumn. The flowers are borne singly from the upper leaf axils.
They are followed by ovoid, green fruits up to 3.5 inches in length.
Hardy zones 9b to 12 ( tolerating as low as 23 F ) requiring a cool tropical highland climate though it might also thrive in coastal areas around San Francisco.

* historical archive photo


Brugmansia aurea ( Golden Angel's Trumpet )
An evergreen, low-branched, small tree, reaching a maximum size of 35 x 35 feet, that is native from central Columbia to Equador. It is found at elevations of 9000 to 12000 feet in the wild.
The very large leaves, up to 28 x 14 inches in size, are mid-green above, bright green beneath.
The abundant, yellowish-green, drooping, trumpet-shaped flowers, up to 12 inches in length, are borne during late summer. The flowers are borne singly from the leaf axils.
Hardy zones 9b to 12 ( tolerating as low as 23 F ) requiring a cool tropical highland climate though it might also thrive in coastal areas around San Francisco.

Brugmansia x candida
The hybrid between Brugmansia aurea & B. versicolor. A forms an evergreen, shrub or small tree, reaching a maximum size of 25 x 20 feet. Some records include: fastest growth rate - 8 feet. It originated as a wild occuring hybrid in Equador.
The very large leaves are up to 24 inches in length. The foliage is bright green above, even brighter green beneath.
The huge, hanging, trumpet-shaped flowers are up to 13 inches in length. They are borne singly from the leaf axils towards the stem tips. The flowers are usually greenish-white, with bright green veins. The flowers appear in abundance during summer and autumn, often also sporadically during the remainder of the year in mild climates. They are very fragrant at night; less so during the daytime.
The flowers are followed by a green capsule. Hardy zones 9 to 11 ( tolerating as low as 20 F ). It is cut to the ground at 20 F but can be grown as a perennial further north into zone 8 on protected sites. It can reach up to 8 ( rarely 12 ) feet in height when grown as a dieback shrub. It thrives in the hot humid summers of the southeastern U.S.

'Grand Marnier'
Peachy color flowers; otherwise identical to the species.

* photos taken on July 25 2015 @ Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario


Brugmansia 'Charles Grimaldii'
A hybrid between Brugmansia 'Frosty Pink' & Brugmansia 'Doctor Suess'. It forms a compact, medium-sized shrub, reaching up to 12 x 8 feet in just 3 years ( up to 8 feet as a perennial in zone 8 ). It forms a thicket of stems. It is great as a specimen plant or in containers.
The leaves are very large.
The fragrant, yellowish-orange, broadly-flared, trumpet-shaped flowers, up to 12 inches long, are borne abundantly from autumn through spring in mild climates.
Hardy zones 10 to 12 ( as far north as 7 as a perennial on a protected site with deep winter mulch ).

* photo taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC


Brugmansia sanguinea ( Golden Angel's Trumpet )
An evergreen, small tree, reaching a maximum size of 40 x 15 feet, that is native to Columbia, Peru and Equador. It is found at elevations of 10000 to 12000 feet in the wild. Some records include: fastest growth rate - 8 feet.
The large leaves, up to 12 inches in length, are mid-green above, bright green beneath.
The abundant, intense orange-red ( yellow lower 1/3 to 1/2 ), drooping, trumpet-shaped flowers, up to 20 inches in length, are borne during late summer and sporadically into winter. The flowers are borne singly from the upper leaf axils.
Hardy zones 9 to 12 ( tolerating as low as 20 F ) requiring a cool tropical highland climate though it might also thrive in coastal areas around San Francisco.

Brugmansia suaveolens
An evergreen, rounded, shrub or small tree, reaching a maximum size of 25 x 18 feet, that is native to the Atlantic Rainforest of southeastern Brazil. It has naturalized in much of the worlds tropics.
The very large leaves are up to 30 x 8 inches in size. The foliage is deep green above, mid-green beneath.
The huge, white ( green calyx ), hanging, trumpet-shaped flowers are up to 16 inches in length. They are borne singly from the leaf axils towards the stem tips. The flowers are usually greenish-white, with bright green veins. The flowers appear in abundance during summer and autumn, often also sporadically during the remainder of the year in mild climates.
The flowers are followed by a green capsule.
Hardy zones 9 to 11. It is cut to the ground at 20 F but can be grown as a perennial further north into zone 8 on protected sites. It is moderately drought tolerant but not salt tolerant.

Brugmansia 'Sunset'

* photos taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC

* photos taken on July 25 2015 @ Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario
Brugmansia versicolor
An evergreen, rounded, shrub or small tree, reaching a maximum size of 16 x 20 feet, that is native to the Atlantic Rainforest of southeastern Brazil. Some records include: fastest growth rate - 5 feet.
The large, narrow leaves, up to 16 x 3 inches in size, are mid-green above, bright green beneath.
The hanging, trumpet-shaped flowers are up to 20 inches in length. They are borne singly from the leaf axils towards the stem tips. The flowers are creamy-white, aging to peachy-pink. The flowers appear in abundance during summer and autumn, often also sporadically during the remainder of the year in mild climates.
The flowers are followed by a green capsule.
Hardy zones 9 to 11. It is cut to the ground at 20 F but can be grown as a perennial further north into zone 8 tolerating as low 10 F on protected sites. It is moderately drought tolerant but not salt tolerant.

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