Saturday, May 1, 2010

Blanket Flower

Gaillardia

* photo taken on Sep 29 2013 in Ellicott City, MD

* photo taken on June 10 2014 in Columbia, MD


Gaillardia aestivalis ( Lance-leaf Blanket Flower )
A perennial, reaching up to 2 x 1 foot ( rarely over 1.5 ) , that is native to the southeastern U.S. ( Kansas to North Carolina; south to Texas to Florida ).
The lance-shaped leaves, up to 2.3 inches in length, are gray-green.
It bears yellow & red, pink or purple flowers, up to 3 inches across, during late spring to late autumn. It is evergreen to 27 F and longer lived than Gaillardia pulchella.
Hardy zones 4 to 9 in full sun on very well drained soil. Drought tolerant.

var flavovirens
A rare native to extreme southeast Missouri, bearing pure yellow flowers.

* photos taken on Oct 21 2014 @ U.S. Botanical Gardens, Washington, DC


Gaillardia aristata ( Blanket Flower )
A perennial, reaching a maximum size of 4 x 3 feet, that is native to dry grasslands of western North America ( from southwest Yukon to Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories to Edmonton, Alberta to Prince Albert, Saskatchewan to Dauphin, Manitoba to Kenora, Ontario; south to central Oregon to central Utah to central New Mexico to central South Dakota to central Minnesota.
Great in the landscape and in containers.
The lance-shaped leaves, up to 10 inches in length, are very hairy and gray-green.
The red and yellow flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne summer through autumn.
The flowers are great for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 ( 2 on protected sites ) in full sun on fertile, light, humus-rich, very well drained soil ( does not enjoy clay ). Very drought and heat tolerant as well as tolerating salt, excessive wind and even fire. Unless cut back hard in early september, heavy bloom production will sometimes causes death of the plant over the following winter.
Gaillardia is NOT generally eaten by deer or rabbits.
Plants suffer and decline in wet humid conditions, which also may encourage powdery mildew. As for watering, the Blanket Flowers prefer occasional but deep watering. Even in the best conditions, this perennial will survive only about 5 years though can be maintained longer by dividing clumps every other year.

'Amber Wheels'
Long lived, reaching up to 3 feet, with very profuse, very showy, very large, frilled flowers with a deep orange red center and petals that are deep yellow. The flowers are borne from early summer through mid autumn.

'Arizona Apricot'

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on June 18 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Arizona Red Shades'
A compact, mounding miniature, reaching a maximum size of 14 inches x 1.5 feet with very abundant, intense fiery red flowers with a deep red cone. The showy flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne all summer long.
Salt tolerant, making this a great plant for use along the seashore.
Extremely heat tolerant.

'Arizona Sun'
A compact, mounding miniature, reaching a maximum size of 14 inches x 2 feet with very profuse intense fiery red flowers with petals that are tipped bright yellow. The showy flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne all summer long.
Salt tolerant, making this a great plant for use along the seashore.

* photos taken on May 16 2012 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on June 18 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


Gaillardia x grandiflora ( Gaillardia hybrids )
Perennials, reaching up to 3 x 3.3 ( rarely over 2 ) feet, that are the hybrids between Gaillardia aristata & G. pulchella.
Hardy zones 5 to 9. The cultivars are propagated from dividing. It is not as long-lived as G. aristata so it is always a good idea to propagate these and keep some extras on hand.
The toothed, grayish-green leaves are up to 6 inches in length.
Hardy zones 2 to 8.

* photo of unknown internet source

* photos taken on July 31 2011 in Hyde Park, NY



* photos taken on May 21 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Sep 21 2016 in Columbia, MD


'Bijou'
A compact, dwarf version of 'Goblin', reaching just 1.5 x 1.5 feet, with showy red daisies with yellow tips, held slightly above the foliage throughout the summer.

* photo taken on May 26 2012 in Ellicott City, MD


'Bremen'
Reaches up to 3 x 3 feet, with deep red flowers that are edged in yellow.

'Burgundy'
Fast growing, reaching up to 3.5 x 3.5 feet ( rarely even as much as 5 feet ).
The deep wine-red flowers are borne early summer into early autumn.

'Burgundy Silk'
Compact, reaching up to 20 inches in height with deep red ( with deeper red eye ) flowers borne all summer long.

'Burgundy Picotee'

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Dazzler'
Fast growing, reaching up to 40 inches x 3 feet. The flowers are scarlet-red with golden-yellow petal tips.

'Fanfare'
Reaches a maximum size of 2+ x 2 feet with exotic looking flowers that have a deep red cone and petals that are red and flaring out at the yellow tips like trumpets.
The very abundant flowers are borne all summer long into early autumn.
Hardy north to zone 3b on protected sites in drier climates such as Alberta, Canada.

* photo taken on May 16 2012 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on May 21 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 18 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Sep 10 2014 in Elkridge, MD


'Frenzy'
Vigorous and upright, reaching up to 2 x 2 feet. It is great both in containers and in the landscape border.
The foliage is deep green.
The flowers are intense vermillion-red with bright yellow petal tips.
They have very abundant fluted petals and are borne early summer into late autumn.

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Gallo Orange'
Fast growing, very compact and upright in habit, reaching up to 12 x 16 inches. It is great for use in containers, edging and bedding.
The foliage is bright green.
The showy, large flowers are intense orange-red with golden-yellow petal tips.

* photo taken on May 16 2011 in Columbia, MD


'Gallo Peach'
Fast growing, very compact and upright in habit, reaching up to 12 x 16 inches. It is great for use in containers, edging and bedding.
The foliage is bright green.
The showy, large flowers are orange-yellow.

* photo taken on May 21 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on June 10 2014 in Columbia, MD


'Gallo Red'
Fast growing, very compact and upright in habit, reaching up to 12 x 16 inches. It is great for use in containers, edging and bedding.
The foliage is bright green.
The showy, large flowers are deep red.

* photos taken on 4th of July @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.

* photos taken on May 12 2011 in Columbia, MD


* photos taken on July 31 2011 in Hyde Park, NY




* photos taken on June 10 2014 in Columbia, MD


'Golden Goblin'
Like 'Kobold' but with all yellow flowers, up to 4 inches across.
* photos taken on 4th of July @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.




'Kobold'
Also called 'Goblin'. Forms mounds up to 2 x 2.5 ( usually around 1 ) feet with profuse deep red ( with yellow petal-tips ) flowers all summer long.

* photos taken on 4th of July @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.


* photos taken on Jul 31 2011 in Hyde Park, NY


* photo taken on May 16 2012 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 2015 in Harford Co., MD


'Mandarin'
Reaches up to 2 feet with deep orange-red flowers with golden petal-tips.

'Maxima Aurea'
Reaches up to 2.5 feet x 40 inches with golden-yellow flowers borne early to mid summer.

'Moxie'
Vigorous and upright, reaching up to 2 x 2 feet. It is great both in containers and in the landscape border.
The foliage is deep green.
The flowers are yellow with an intense orange center.
They have very abundant fluted petals and are borne early summer into late autumn.

* photo taken on June 10 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Oranges & Lemons'
Upright and bushy in habit, reaching up to 2 x 2 feet, with flowers that are pale orange with yellow petal tips.

* photo taken on June 24 2011 in Columbia, MD


'Wirral Flame'
Huge flowers, up to 5.5 inches across, are red and golden-yellow.

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