Sunday, April 25, 2010

Echinacea

A small genus of perennials native to North America that are closely related to the Rudbeckias. Most of the Echinaceas look great with Amsonia hubrechtii, Liatris, Perovskias, Blue Salvia, Agastache 'Blue Fortune' and some Daylilies. The Coneflowers require lots of sun and well drained soil; they are very tolerant of both heat, drought ( prefers moist soil for 1st season ) and clay ( as long as the soil is well drained ). Echinaceas are also tolerant of salt, excessive wind and even fire. Clumps can be divided during autumn or early spring. They are not eaten by deer but are loved by hummingbirds and butterflies. Insect pests or disease problems are rare, leafspot and powdery mildew rarely occur. Deadheading faded blooms will extend the flowering season but will remove the seeds which are highly regarded as food by songbirds. Remove wet tree leaves in autumn, they can easily smother an Echinacea plant. Young plants can have the first flush of flowering stalks removed to encourage more branching at the base.
Root extract from the Echinacea is a known immune system stimulant. Echinacea is sometimes grown commercially for that purpose with it's extract sold in health food stores. Echinacea stimulates the production of white blood corpuscles and helps fight infectious diseases. It also has significant anti-viral properties helping fight flu. Too frequent use of Echinacea will decrease its effectiveness.

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on July 18 2014 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea angustifolia ( Black Sampson )
Also called Narrow Leaved Coneflower and Western Coneflower. A perennial, reaching a maximum size of 4 x 2 feet, that is native to very dry prairies from southeast Saskatchewan to Manitoba to central Minnesota to eastern Iowa; south to southeast Colorado to central Texas to central Missouri. It is endangered in Saskatchewan and Missouri. It is considered the most medicinally active of all the Echinaceas.
The stem-clasping, lance-shaped leaves are up to 8 inches in length. The hairy foliage is blue-green.
The flowers, up to 2.5 inches across, are pale pink. The drooping petals are 3-lobed at the tips.
Hardy zones 2 to 7 in full sun. It is more drought tolerant than Echinacea purpurea.

* photo taken by Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


Echinacea atrorubens ( Topeka Purple Coneflower )
A perennial, reaching up to 3 feet in height, that is native to Kansas, Oklahoma and northern Texas.
The lance-shaped leaves, up to 12 x 1.3 inches in size, are bright green.
The pink flowers ( with a large black cone ) have dropping petals. They are borne late spring into early summer.
Hardy zones 6 to 8 in full sun on very well drained soil. It is extremely heat tolerant as well as very drought tolerant.

Echinacea laevigata ( Smooth Coneflower )
A very long-lived, rhizomatous perennial, reaching a maximum size of 6 x 4 feet ( rarely over 4 feet ), that is native to the southeast U.S. where it is endangered. It previously grow on dry limestone bluffs and in open woods in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Arkansas. 64% of known populations have disappeared since 1888, only 21 remain with 13 decreasing. It is unlike other Echinaceas in being rhizomatous, making potential for shorter statured groundcover forms in the future.
The leaves, up to 8 x 3 inches, are mid-green.
The purplish-pink flowers, up to 4.5 inches across, are borne late spring to mid summer.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photos taken on Oct 21 2014 @ U.S. Botanical Gardens, Washington, DC


Echinacea pallida ( Pale Coneflower )
A very beautiful, long-lived, rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 5 x 4 feet ( rarely over 4 feet ), that is native to prairies of the central U.S. ( from northeast Nebraska to central Wisconsin to southern Michigan; south to northern Texas, Louisiana to central Georgia. It is endangered in Nebraska, Wisconsin and Michigan, Tennessee and Alabama.
The lance-shaped leaves, up to 10 x 1.6 inches in size, are hairy, deep green.
The pale purple flowers, up to 6 inches across, are borne late spring to late autumn.
The flowers have narrow, downward arching, 2-lobed petals.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in full sun on humus-rich, well drained soil. Very drought tolerant due to its deep taproot.

* photo taken on May 16 2011 in Washington, D.C.

* photos taken on Jul 17 2017 in Ottawa, ON


'Hula Dancer'
Graceful white with pink tinge flowers with narrow, drooping petals.
Reaches up to 32 inches in height.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

Echinacea paradoxa ( Yellow Coneflower )
A sturdy perennial, reaching up to 4 x 3 feet, that is a very rare native to the Ozards in Missouri and northern Arkansas. It is rarely seen in landscaping by itself but is often used in hybridizing. Slow to establish but very long lived.
The leaves, up to 8 inches in length, are deep green.
The bright yellow flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne mid summer to mid autumn, though often only lasting a month. The flower petals droop.
Hardy zones 3 to 8. Very drought tolerant due to deep taproot.

* photos taken on May 16 2011 in Washington, D.C.








Echinacea purpurea ( Purple Coneflower )
A perennial reaching up to 4 ( rarely 6 feet ) that is native to prairies and dry open woods in eastern North America ( from northwestern Iowa to Grand Rapids to Flint, Michigan to southern Ontario to Virginia; south to central Oklahoma to eastern Texas to northern Georgia ). It is endangered in Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa; it is extinct in the wild in Michigan.
The leathery, toothed, ovate leaves, up to 12 inches in length, are deep green.
The purplish-pink flowers, up to 7 inches across, are borne early summer into mid autumn. The narrow petals droop.
Prefer full sun and fertile soil that is well drained, especially in winter.
Resistant to pests and disease and also very drought and heat tolerant.
Deadheading old blooms and fertilizing in summer will enhance and extend blooming.
Echinaceas flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies, the seeds are eaten by birds.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in full sun on well drained soil. Heat and drought tolerant, and reported growing as far north as Alaska.

* photo taken on August 3 2010 @ University of Guelph Arboretum, Ontario

* photo taken on August 2 2010 in Bayfield, Ontario

* photo of unknown internet source


* photos taken on July 7 2011 in Ellicott City, MD


* photos taken on July 1 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 5 2015 in Columbia, MD


'Avalanche' ( Dwarf White Coneflower )
A miniature, compact coneflower, reaching a maximum size of 2.5 x 2 feet.
Great for containers and urban gardens. Originated from Arie Bloom of Netherlands.
The flowers are intense pure white with a yellow cone. The abundant flowers are borne over a period lasting up to 12 weeks from early July into early Autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

* photo taken on July 10 2013 in Columbia, MD
* photo taken on Aug 4 2013 in Bayfield, Ontario


'Bright Star'
Reaches a maximum size of 50 inches x 3.5 feet though usually much shorter.
The rose-pink flowers, up to 6 inches across, with drooping petals are borne during mid summer.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photos taken on July 15 2015 in Columbia, MD


'Cygnet White'
A compact form, only reaching up to 2 x 2 feet, with white flowers borne over a very long season from early summer to late autumn if deadheaded.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

'Fragrant Angel'
A strong grower, reaching a maximum size of 4.5 x 4 feet, with profuse, very fragrant, white flowers ( with deep orange cone ), up to 5 inches across, borne over a period of around 8 weeks during mid to late summer. The flowers are very similar in appearance to that of the Becky Shasta Daisy. This is basically the white version of 'Ruby Giant'.
Hardy zones 3 to 8
* photo taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Kims Knee High'
A dense, bushy dwarf form, reaching a maximum size of 2.5 x 2 ( often under 1.5 ) feet.
The leathery leaves, up to 6 inches in length, are deep green.
The flowers have clear deep pink petals and an orange-red cones. The abundant flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne June into early July, then again during late summer into early autumn if deadheaded.
Some plants have been known to bloom over a period exceeding 4 months and bear over 50 flowers. It has some Echinacea tennesseensis in its genetics and is very long lived.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photo taken on June 19 2010 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on 4th of July 2010 in Washington, D.C.

* photos taken on 4th of July 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.


* photo taken on Sep 21 2013 in Harford Co., MD

* photo taken on July 23 2015 in Bayfield, Ontario


'Kim's Mop Head'
A dwarf form, only reaching up to 2 x 2 feet, that is the white version of 'Kim's Knee High'.
The leaves, up to 6 inches in length, are deep green.
The white flowers are borne June into early July, then again during the second half of August if deadheaded.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

'Lucky Star'
A vigorous and very sturdy perennial, reaching up to 3.5 feet in height with large, pure white flowers with an orange-yellow center cone. The petals are horizontal rather than drooping. The flowers are borne mid summer into mid autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

'Magnus'
Vigorous growing, forming a sturdy clump, reaching a maximum size of 6 x 5 ( rarely over 4 ) feet,
The intense reddish-purple flowers, up to 7 inches across, with non-drooping petals, are borne mid summer to early autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photos taken on July 17 2010 @ Morris Arboretum, Philly, PA




* photos taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Magnus Superior'
Very similar to 'Magnus', except faster growing with darker stems and somewhat darker flowers.

'Merengue'
Forms a compact, upright clump of sturdy stems, up to 20 inches x 2 feet, with very profuse, fragrant, very double, glowing white, pompom flowers, up to 3 inches across, borne mid summer lasting around 2 months. The flowering season begins mid summer and lasting up to 12 weeks. Can be used in place of annuals for bedding, it is also great in pots and the front of the perennial border.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

* photos taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC<br />


'Merlot'
Forms a very vigorous clump, up to 40 x 34 inches with sturdy deep red stems.
The very large, glowing pinkish-red flowers, up to 5 inches across, are borne early summer into early autumn. The flowers are borne atop deep red stems.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

'Milkshake'
Forms a clump of sturdy stems, reaching a maximum size of 3.5 x 3 feet, with exotic looking flowers that are creamy-white petalled with a very large cone that looks like a creamy-white pompom. The abundant, very long lasting flowers, up to 2.5 inches across, are borne over a very long season lasting from early summer into early autumn ( up to 16 weeks in total ).
The foliage is very luxuriant and deep green.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

* photos taken on 4th of July @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.



* photo taken on Sep 15 2011 in Baltimore Co, MD

* photos taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Orange Meadowbrite'
Also called 'Art's Pride'. Fast growing, to 4 x 3 feet with luxuriant deep green foliage and spectacular, profuse, fragrant, rich deep orange flowers during mid summer to mid autumn.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

* photos taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Paranoia'
Vigorous, upright and compact, reaching up to 3 x 2 feet, with luxuriant mid-green foliage and abundant flowers, up to 3 inches across, with golden-yellow petals and a black cone.

'Prairie Frost'
Vigorous in habit, reaching up to 3 feet in height, with very attractive blue-green foliage that is boldly margined creamy-white.
The rosy-pink flowers, up to 4 inches wide, are borne all summer long.
Hardy zones 3 to 9.

'Prairie Giant'
Reaches up to 3.3 feet in height. This very bold, "Echinacea on Steroids" produces very large, luxuriant mid-green basal leaves, up to 2 feet x 4.5 inches, and huge, rich pink flowers, up to 9 inches across.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

'Prairie Splendor'
Compact and dense in habit, reaching up to 26 inches in height. It is great for use in containers.
The large, pale pink flowers, up to 6 inches across, are borne early summer until autumn frosts, the longest period of any Echinacea. The flowers are even borne profusely during the first year after planting.

* photo taken on July 13 2011 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 10 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Purple Splendor'
A dwarf Coneflower, forming a dense, compact clump, reaching a maximum size of 2 x 1.5 feet.
The reddish-pink flowers are borne from mid summer until autumn frosts.

* photo taken on Aug 29 2013 in Clarksville, MD


'Red Knee High'
Compact and sturdy, reaching up to 2 x 2 ( rarely over 1.5 ) feet, with very abundant, intense raspberry-red flowers, up to 3 inches across, borne early summer into early autumn ( up to 4 + months ). This is among my favorite of all Echinaceas, it can outcompete almost any summer bedding plant, with up to 35 or more blooms at a time and better yet - it's a perennial!
Hardy zones 3 to 8

'Ruby Giant'
Reaches a maximum clump size of 4 x 5 feet with huge, fragrant, intense pinkish-red flowers, up to 7 inches across. The flowers are borne mid summer to early autumn.
The foliage is luxuriant deep green.
Hardy zones 3 to 9.

* photo taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC


'Ruby Star'
Very strong stemmed, reaching a maximum size of 3.5 x 3.5 feet, with large deep green leaves and mid summer through autumn flowers. The large flowers have a dark brown cone and ruby-red petals. The flower petals are horizontally arranged rather than .
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photo taken on October 15 2010 in Howard County, MD

* photo taken on Sep 23 2013 in Burtonsville, MD


'Sombrero Hot Pink'
Reaches a maximum size of 21 x 14 ( rarely over 12 ) inches, with abundant, intense glowing mid-pink flowers, up to 3 inches across, borne atop sturdy stems.
It is among the best cultivars for containers and the front of borders.

* photos taken on 4th of July @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.


'Sparkler'
Reaches up to 3 x 2 feet, with mid-green foliage that is heavily blotched and mottled creamy-white.
The very large, rosy-pink borne mid-summer to mid-autumn contrast nicely.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

'Springbrook's Crimson Star'
Reaches a maximum size of 3 x 3 feet, with sturdy stems bearing flat, deep red flowers from early summer to early autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

'White Swan'
A strong grower, reaching a maximum size of 5 x 3.5 feet, with abundant, fragrant, large, white flowers, up to 4 inches across, borne from mid summer into early autumn, lasting over 3 months.
Hardy zones 3 to 8, it often comes true from seed.

* photo taken on 4th of July 2010 in Washington, D.C.

* photos taken on July 17 2010 @ Morris Arboretum, Philly, PA

* photos taken on August 2 2010 in Bayfield, Ontario


* photo taken on July 13 2011 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on July 26 2015 @ Niagara Parks Bot. Gardens, Niagara Falls, ON


Echinacea simulata ( Pale Purple Echinacea )
Also called Wavyleaf Purple Coneflower. It is similar to Echinacea pallida but the flowers have yellow anthers.
It is native to the Ozark Mountains in Missouri and northern Arkansas and prefers dry soil. Hardy zones 5 to 8 in full sun on very well drained soil; it is tolerant of poor soil, extreme heat and drought.

Echinacea tennesseensis ( Tennessee Coneflower )
A perennial reaching up to 3 x 3 feet, that is native to Tennessee where it is endangered. Very long lived, up to 10 years or more.
The lance-shaped leaves, up to 7 inches in length, are deep green.
The pinkish-purple flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne early to late summer. The flowers nearly always face east.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in full sun ( tolerates partial shade but is more sparse ). Very drought tolerant. If it is intended to propagated these from seed then it is important to keep it away from other species of Echinacea which it can cross pollinate with.

* photo taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on July 11 2014 in Washington, DC


'Pixie Meadowbrite'
Forms a dense, long lived, sturdy clump, up to 2.5 x 2.5 feet, with very profuse, soft pink ( orange cone ) flowers, up to 3 inches across, borne over a very long season. This compact form is great for containers.
The very attractive, dense foliage is narrow and luxuriant mid blue-green.
Hardy zones 4 to 9

'Ricky Top'
Vigorous but compact, reaching up to 3 feet; blooming profusely.
Hardy north to zone 4

* photo taken on July 10 2013 in Howard Co, MD

* photo taken on July 11 2014 @ U.S. Botanical Garden, Wash., DC

* photo taken @ U.S. Botanical Garden, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014


HYBRIDS
The multi-species complex hybrids beneath are generally propagated from division or tissue culture.




Echinacea 'After Midnight'
Forms a very compact, dwarf clump, reaching a maximum size of 1 x 1 feet, with blue green foliage. It is great for edging and containers.
The fragrant, broad-petalled, deep pinkish-purple ( with reddish-black cone ) flowers are borne mid summer through early to mid autumn. The flowers are borne atop black stems.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'All That Jazz'
Forms a bushy clump, up to 3 x 2 feet with intense lavender-pink, quilled, pinwheel flowers.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Aloha'
An upright perennial, reaching up to 3 x 3 feet.
The fragrant, bright yellow ( with orange cone ) flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne early summer until autumn frosts.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photo taken on Aug 29 2013 in Clarksville, MD


Echinacea 'Bravado'
Possibly a cultivar of E. purpurea; vigorously reaching up to 4 x 3 feet.
The abundant, large, intense rosy-pink flowers, up to 5 inches across, are borne early summer until autumn frost. The flower petals are held flat rather than drooping.
Hardy zones 3 to 8.

* photos taken on June 28 2013 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Cheyenne Spirit'
A well-branched, very sturdy perennial, reaching up to 3 x 2.5 feet.
The large flowers occur in multiple colors on the same plant, ranging from intense golden-yellow, orange to red and deep rosy-pink. The flowers have a large brown cone. They are borne over a very long season from early summer until autumn frost.
Hardy zones 4 to 9.

* photo taken on June 10 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 18 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 22 2014 in Howard Co., MD


Echinacea 'Coconut Lime'
Fast growing, reaching up to 3 x 2.5 feet, with sturdy stems.
The very double white flowers with creamy-yellow pom pom cones, are up to 3 inches across, borne early summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photo taken on Aug 2 2013 in Stratford, Ontario

* photo taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on July 11 2014


Echinacea 'Cleopatra'
A sturdy, upright, compact perennial, reaching up to 1.5 x 2 feet, bearing abundant, large, bright yellow flowers all summer long.
The foliage is luxuriant mid-green.
Hardy zones 4 to 9.

* photos taken on Sep 21 2013 in Harford C., MD

* photo taken on June 22 2014 in Howard Co., MD


Echinacea 'Coral Reef'
Vigorous and sturdy in habit, reaching up to 4 x 2.5 feet. The very double, intense deep orange, pompom flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne summer into autumn.
A single plant can produce over 25 blooms at a time. 'Hot Papaya' is similar but superior for general landscape use.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Echinacea 'Crazy Pink'
Forms a clump, up to 2.5 x 2 feet, with very profuse flowers with drooping, intense mid-pink petals and an orange cone. A single plant may bear as many as 100 flowers at a time.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Double Scoop Mandarin'
A perennial, reaching up to 2.5 x 2.5 feet.
The very double flowers are deep orange.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Double Scoop Raspberry'
A perennial, reaching up to 2.5 x 2.5 feet.
The very double flowers are raspberry-red.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photos taken on July 10 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on Sep 4 2016 in Elkridge, MD


Echinacea 'Elton Knight'
Forms compact, clumps, up to 2 x 1.5 feet, with very abundant, very large, intense mid-pink ( with red cone ) flowers, up to 6 inches across. The flowers with non-drooping petals are borne mid summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

Echinacea 'Evening Glow'
Vigorous in habit, reaching up to 3 feet with flowers that include deep yellow petals surrounding deep orangish-red petal bases and cones. The abundant flowers appear early to mid summer, repeating in early autumn if deadheaded.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photos taken on July 26 2015 @ Niagara Parks Bot. Gardens, Niagara Falls, ON

* photos taken on July 9 2016 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Fatal Attraction'
Reaches up to 2.5 x 2 feet with black stems bearing very full, intense purplish-pink flowers.
The foliage is bright green.
Originated from Dutch garden designer Piet Oudolf.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Ferris Wheel'
A perennial, reaching up to 2 x 1.5 feet.
The abundant, creamy-yellow ( with orange cone ) flowers are very quilled.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Flame Thrower'
A well-branched perennial, reaching up to 4 x 3.7 feet, with very abundant, fragrant flowers that are deep reddish-orange on the inside fading to intense orange on the outside. The flowers are borne over a very long season from early summer to mid autumn if deadheaded.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. May be difficult to grow in the humid Mid Atlantic.

* photos taken on Sep 23 2013 in Burtonsville, MD


Echinacea 'Green Envy'
Sturdy, reaching up to 4 x 3.3 feet with large, fragrant flowers, up to 5 inches across with deep pink cones and petals that are pink and variegated with bright green towards the tips. The flowers are borne early summer through autumn on heavily branched stalks.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Echinacea 'Green Jewel'
Forms a dense, low clump, reaching up to 2.5 x 3 feet. It is great for containers, especially against a dark background.
The fragrant, large, bright green flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne mid summer lasting up to 8+ weeks. Very heavy flowering, up to 20 or more blooms may be produced at a time. The flower petals fade to whitish-green while the cone remains mid-green.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

* photos courtesy of Milan Havlis leading nurseryman of Czech Republic

* photo taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014


Echinacea 'Guava Ice'
A Plants Nouveau introduction with sturdy stems bearing large, very double, snowcone-like flowers, up to 4 inches tall, that are pinkish-orange color. The unique color of the flowers is comparable to the inside of a Guava fruit. The flowers are borne early summer to early autumn.
Guava Ice reaches up to 2.5 x 3 feet.
Hardy zones 5 to 8.

Echinacea 'Harvest Moon'
Produced by Matthew Saul, this Echinacea forms a vigorous clump of sturdy stems, reaching a maximum size of 3 x 2.5 feet.
The large, fragrant, golden-yellow ( with huge golden-orange cone ) flowers, up to 4 inches across, with drooping petals. The flowers are borne from early summer until autumn frosts.
Hardy zones 4 to 9

* photo taken on October 15 2010 in Howard County, MD


* photo taken on Oct 6 2012 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on July 10 2013 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on Sep 26 2013 in Baltimore Co., MD

* photos taken on July 26 2015 @ Niagara Parks Bot. Gardens, Niagara Falls, ON


Echinacea 'Hope'
Reaches up to 2.5 x 2 feet with profuse, huge, fragrant flowers, up to 5 inches across, that are light pink with an intensely deep red cone.
Hardy zones 4 to 9.

Echinacea 'Hot Lava'
A sturdy perennial, reaching up to 4 x 3 feet, with bright orange-red ( with orange cone ), broad-petalled flowers.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Hot Papaya'
Forms a sturdy, vigorous clump, reaching a maximum size of 3 x 3 feet, with exotic looking flowers that are intense orange petalled with a very large cone that looks like a reddish-orange pompom.
The fragrant, very double flowers, up to 3+ inches across, are borne early summer into mid autumn.
The glowing flowers can stand out from a great distance.
The thick, sturdy, well branched, deep red stems also bear luxuriant deep green foliage.
Hardy zones 3 to 8
Originated from hybridizer Arie Bloom.

* photo taken on Sep 5 2012 in Burtonsville, MD

* photo taken on Sep 15 2011 in Baltimore Co, MD

* photos taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


Echinacea 'Hot Summer'
Large growing, up to 5 x 3 feet, but tends to flop over.
The flowers are intense orange or often yellow later deepening to red as they age.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Leilani'
Fast growing and very upright, reaching up to 3.7 x 3.7 feet in size.
The glowing yellow flowers appear like Sunflowers. They are borne early summer into early autumn.
Hardy zones 4 +.

* photo taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014


Echinacea 'Lilliput'
Dwarf and compact, reaching up to 1.5 feet x 15 inches.
The reddish-pink flowers are borne from early summer, lasting over 3 months.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Echinacea 'Little Annie'
Dwarf but very heavy blooming with pink flowers.

Echinacea 'Lucky Star'
Forms a vigorous, bushy, long lived clump, up to 3 x 2 feet, with pure white flowers with a large, orange-yellow cone. The flowers are borne mid summer to mid autumn.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Mango Meadowbrite'
Reaches up to 3 x 3 feet, with sweetly light fragranced, deep yellowish-orange flowers.
Hardy zones 4 to 9

Echinacea 'Marmalade'
Reaches a maximum size of 3 x 2.5 feet with strong stems bearing very profuse, large, fragrant, very double, intense bright orange flowers, up to 4 inches across. The flowers appear early summer and lasting up to 12 weeks.
The narrow foliage is very glossy, deep green.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. Originated from plant breeder Arie Bloom.

* photo taken on Aug 2 2013 in Stratford, Ontario

* photos taken on June 18 2016 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Maui Sunshine'
Forms a very-vigorous clump of strong branched stems, reaching up to 3.3 x 3 feet.
The fragrant, intense, golden-yellow ( bright orange cone ) flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne mid summer lasting around 2 months.
Hardy zones 4 to 9

Echinacea 'Now Cheesier'
Despite it's cheese name, this is a very showy, compact ( up to 3.3 x 3 feet ) perennial with very intense, golden-yellow flowers.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Panther Pink'
Dwarf in habit, reaching a maximum size of 2.8 x 3 ( rarely exceeding 1.5 ) feet. The flowers are intensely pink.

Echinacea 'Pica Bella'
Reaches up to 40 x 34 inches with sturdy stems very profusely bearing quilled, narrow petalled deep pink flowers, up to 4 inches across, borne mid summer into autumn. The very luxuriant mid-green foliage is very attractive. Easy to grow.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Pineapple Sundae'
An upcoming Plants Nouveau introduction with double, snowcone-like, intense golden-yellow flowers.

Echinacea 'Pink Double Delight'
Very compact, dense and sturdy, reaching a maximum size of 32 x 38 inches, with exotic looking, very double flowers that are sparsely bright pink petalled with a very large cone that looks like a bright pink pompom. The very profuse flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne early summer into early autumn.
Hardy zones 4 to 9

* photo taken on Sep 5 2012 in Burtonsville, MD

* photo taken on July 10 2013 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken on Sep 29 2013 in Ellicott City, MD

* photo taken on July 5 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Jun 24 2016 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Pink Poodle'
Forms a vigorous, sturdy-stemmed clump up to 2.7 x 2.7 feet, bearing huge, very double, mid pink, Dahlia-like, pom-pom flowers, over 4 inches across. They are borne summer into autumn. Over 20 flowers may be borne at a time on a single plant.
Hardy zones 4 to 9

'Echinacea 'Pow Wow White'
A well-branched, compact, perennial, up to 2.3 x 2.4 feet.
It bears stunning, very abundant, fragrant, white flowers, up to 4 inches across. They are borne early summer into mid-autumn lasting up to 5 months. The flowers are long lasting and do not fade. It will bloom over a long season even if not deadheaded.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photos taken on Oct 30 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Nov 10 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 15 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 7 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on July 25 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 25 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on July 14 2017 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Pow Wow Wild Berry'
A well-branched, compact, perennial, up to 2.3 x 2.4 feet.
It bears stunning, very abundant, fragrant, intense deep pinkish-purple flowers, up to 4 inches across. They are borne early summer into mid-autumn lasting up to 5 months. The flowers are long lasting and do not fade. It will bloom over a long season even if not deadheaded.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photo taken on July 17 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Nov 10 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on June 18 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 1 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 20 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on June 29 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 17 2016 in Blyth, Ontario

* photos taken on July 25 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Nov 26 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on June 25 2017 in Howard Co., MD

* photo taken on July 14 2017 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Purity'
Forms a very sturdy, dwarf clump, reaching up to 27 x 22 inches.
The very abundant, pure white flowers, 4.5 inches across, with huge bright orange cones, up to 2 inches across, are borne summer into autumn. The flowers look like that of the Shasta Daisy with petals that do not droop.
This very heavy flowering plant can bear over 25 blooms at a time.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Echinacea 'Quills and Thrills'
A perennial, reaching up to 3 x 2.5 feet.
The large, pinkish-purple ( with orange cone ) flowers are quilled.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Raspberry Truffle'
Forms a very vigorous clump of sturdy reddish-black stems, reaching up to 3 x 2.5 feet. The thick foliage resembles that of Echinacea purpurea.
The very abundant, fragrant, reddish-pink, pompom flowers, up to 4 inches across, are borne over a very long season of up to 12 weeks from early summer into early autumn.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photos taken on July 9 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 7 2017 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Rosita'
A compact perennial, reaching up to 20 inches x 2 feet. It is great for containers.
The fragrant, soft pink flowers fade to pinkish-white with age. The broad petals that extend from the orange-red cone do not droop. The flowers are borne mid-summer to mid-autumn.
Hardy zones 4 +, it is very drought tolerant.

Echinacea 'Salsa Red'
A sturdy, compact perennial, reaching up to 2 x 2 feet, very profusely bearing intense orange-red flowers, up to 3 inches across. Hundreds of flowers may be borne on a plant from early summer to mid autumn.

Echinacea 'Secret Affair'
A vigorous, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 26 inches x 2 feet.
The foliage is deep green.
The abundant, very large, double, rosy-pink flowers are borne over a very long season lasting mid summer to late autumn.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photo taken on Aug 29 2013 in Clarksville, MD


Echinacea 'Secret Joy'
A sturdy, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 2.5 x 2.5 feet.
The fragrant, very double, pale-yellow flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne early summer until autumn frost.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Secret Love'
A vigorous, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 3 x 2 feet.
The bright red, double flowers are borne mid summer into autumn.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Secret Pride'
A perennial, reaching up to 2 x 2.5 feet.
The flowers are double and white.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Secret Romance
A fast growing, sturdy, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 3 x 3 feet.
The stunning, fragrant, large, double flowers are up to 4 inches across. The intense, mid-pink flowers are borne over a long season lasting early summer to early autumn if deadheaded.
Hardy zones 4 to 9.

* photo taken on Aug 29 2013 in Clarksville, MD


Echinacea 'Solar Flare'
Forms a vigorous, long lived clump of sturdy purplish-black stems, reaching a maximum size of 40 inches x 3 feet.
The intense coral-orange ( with deep red cone ) flowers, up to 5 inches across, are borne mid summer through early to mid autumn. The petals are not drooping.
Hardy zones 3 to 8

* photos taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken on June 29 2016 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Sombrero Baja Red'
A dense, compact, sturdy, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 2.2 x 2.3 feet. It is great for containers and the small garden.
The intense scarlet-red flowers are up to 3 inches wide.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

Echinacea 'Sombrero Hot Coral'
A dense, compact, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 2 feet x 26 inches, that is great for containers and the smaller garden.
The intense, coral-pink flowers are up to 3 inches across.
Hardy zones 5 to 8.

* photo taken on Oct 6 2012 in Howard Co., MD


Echinacea 'Sombrero Lemon Yellow'
A dense, compact, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 2 feet x 26 inches, that is great for containers and the smaller garden.
The intense, deep yellow flowers are up to 3 inches across.
Hardy zones 5 to 8.

* photo taken on July 7 2016 in Elkridge, MD


Echinacea 'Sombrero Salsa Red'
A dense, compact, well-branched perennial, reaching up to 2 x 2.3 feet. It is great for containers and the small garden.
The intense scarlet-red flowers are up to 3 inches wide.
Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photo taken on June 26 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on July 18 2014 in Howard Co., MD


Echinacea 'Southern Belle'
A very vigorous perennial, reaching up to 3 x 3 feet.
This Echinacea with E. tennesseensis parentage, abundantly bearing, long-lasting, fully-double flowers, up to 4 inches across. the flowers are deep pink with intense pink-purple to reddish-purple pompom centers.
The flower season lasts from early summer into mid autumn. It has among the longest flowering season of all Echinaceas if deadheaded.
Hardy zones 5 to 8 ( 4 on protected sites )

* photos taken on Aug 29 2013 in Clarksville, MD


Echinacea 'Summer Salsa'
Reaches up to 3 x 3 feet, bearing very double, intense orange flowers from mid summer to mid autumn.
Hardy zones 5 to 8

* photos taken on June 10 2013 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Summer Sun'
Reaches up to 3.5 x 2 feet with thick sturdy stems.
The fragrant, large, intense bright orange fading to red flowers, up to 5 inches across, are borne early summer into early autumn lasting up to 10 weeks or more. It is very attractive in having different color blooms on the same plant.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Sundown'
Also called 'Even Saul' or 'Big Sky Sundown'; it is a hybrid between Echinacea paradoxa & E. purpurea. Forms a vigorous clump of sturdy stems, reaching a maximum size of 40 x 40 inches, with luxuriant deep green foliage.
The stunning, very fragrant, large flowers, up to 6 inches across, are intense deep orange with a red cone, borne mid summer through early to mid autumn. The flowers fade to pink as they age. This cultivar looks great combined with purplish-blue flowers.
Hardy zones 4 to 8, it is even known to survive in Calgary & Edmonton, Alberta. It originated from plant breeder Even Saul.

* photo taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken on July 9 2013 in Columbia, MD


Echinacea 'Sunrise'
Forms a clump of sturdy stems, reaching a maximum size of 40 inches x 3 feet.
The very fragrant, huge flowers, up to 6 inches across, are pale yellow with a deeper golden-yellow cone, borne early summer through early to mid autumn.
The flowers fade to creamy-white as they age.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

* photo taken on June 30 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on Aug 2 2013 in Stratford, Ontario

* photos taken on Sep 26 2013 in Baltimore Co., MD


Echinacea 'Sunset'
Forms a dense clump of sturdy stems, reaching a maximum size of 40 inches x 3 feet.
The fragrant, orange ( with red cone ) flowers, are borne mid summer through mid autumn ( sometimes blooming even after heavy frosts ).
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'Tangerine Dream'
Reaches up to 3 x 3 feet, with very fragrant, large, intense orange flowers, up to 4.5 inches across, that are borne early summer to early autumn, lasting over 8 weeks.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

Echinacea 'Tiki Torch'
Forms a strong-stemmed, upright clump, reaching up to 4 x 2.5 feet, with very profuse, large, fragrant, intense orange ( with deep orange cones ) flowers, up to 5 inches across, borne mid-summer to mid-autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 9. It originated with Terra Nova.

* photos taken on July 1 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Nov 2 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on June 29 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on July 12 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on May 27 2017 @ Meadowlark Botanical Gardens, Vienna, VA

* photo taken on Jul 17 2017 in Ottawa, ON


Echinacea 'Tomato Soup'
Dense and fast growing, reaching up to 3 feet x 32 inches with sturdy stems. It bears abundant, fragrant, yellow turning to intense scarlet-red flowers borne mid summer until autumn frosts lasting up to 8 weeks or more. The flowers are huge, up to 5 inches across. Looks great with yellow and blue-purple flowers.
Hardy zones 4 to 9, may be difficult in the humid Mid Atlantic.

* photos taken on June 20 2014 in Harford Co., MD


Echinacea 'Twilight'
Forms a vigorous clump of sturdy stems, reaching a maximum size of 3 x 3 feet.
The fragrant, intense pinkish-red ( with red cone ) flowers are borne mid summer through early to mid autumn. The flowers are orange as they open.
Hardy zones 3 to 9

* photos taken on June 17 2011 in Howard County, MD






* photos taken on Sep 21 2013 in Harford C., MD

* photo taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Wash., DC

Echinacea 'Vintage Wine'
Forms a compact clump, up to 3 x 3 feet, with luxuriant deep green foliage and very abundant, intense raspberry-red flowers, up to 4 inches across, borne mid summer until autumn frosts. The flower petals are held flat rather than drooping. It is great in containers.
Hardy zones 4 to 8

Echinacea 'White Double Delight'
A perennial, reaching up to 2.5 x 2 feet, very profusely bearing double white flowers.

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