Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Anemone

Excellent low maintenance, hardy, deer resistant perennials that the shaded garden can't do without during autumn.

FALL BLOOMING

Anemone hupehensis
A perennial native to central China that reaches up to 4.5 x 4 feet. They are long lived once established.
The deeply-divided basal foliage ( each leaf having 3 leaflets up to 4 x 4 inches in size ) is deep green. It is almost evergreen in mild climates.
The flowers up to 2.5 inches across are borne during September and October.
Hardy zones 5 to 7 in partial shade on a good moist to damp, well drained fertile organic soil. Mulch well to protect during the first winter and supplemental water is essential during drought. It is usually not eaten by deer. Easy to grow and low maintenance other than cutting back old flower stalks late in autumn

* photo taken on 4th of July 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.










'Prince Heinrich'
Reaches up to 3 feet in height with semi-double, wine-red flowers.

'Rubra Plena'
Reaches up to 3 feet in height with double, deep pink flowers.

'September Charm'
Reaches up to 4 x 4 feet with large, single, flowers that are rich pink inside with deep pink on the outside.
The abundant flowers are borne over a long period from August into October.
Among the hardiest cultivars, it has been reported as hardy in Calgary, Alberta on protected sites.

* photos taken on Oct 17 2013 in Olney, MD

* photos taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* photo taken on Oct 21 2014 @ U.S. Botanical Gardens, Washington, DC

* photos taken on Oct 10 2016 in Columbia, MD


Anemone x hybrida ( Japanese Anemone )
The hybrids between Anemone hupehensis var japonica & A. vitifolia.
They all have deep green deeply divided foliage and bear flowers late summer to early fall. The leaves are divided into leaflets, up to 8 inches in length.
The Japanese Anemone is late for new growth to emerge in spring, these are perfect companion plants for spring bulbs. They are fast growing and long lived once established. The sturdy flowerstalks generally do not need staking.
Hardy zones 5 to 7 in partial shade on a good moist, well drained fertile organic soil. Mulch well to protect during the first winter. Rarely eaten by deer, aphids may sometimes be a problem. Easy to grow and low maintenance other than cutting back old flower stalks late in autumn.
They can be propagated from division while dormant.

* photo taken on June 15 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* historic archive photos


'Alba'
Reaches up to 3 feet in height with single, white flowers, up to 3 inches across.

* historic archive photo


'Alice'
Compact reaching a maximum of 4 ( rarely over 3 ) feet with semi double, light pink flowers, up to 2.5 inches across.

'Andrea Atkinson'
Very vigorous reaching up to 5 x 6 feet and spreading at a rate up to 2 feet per year.
The pure white flowers have orange stamens.

'Avalanche'
Reaches up to 3 feet in height, with semi-double white flowers.

'Bressingham Glow'
Reaches a maximum size of 5 x 6 feet with semi-double, rose-red flowers in autumn.

* photo taken by Milan Havlis ( havlis.cz )


'Elegantissima'
Reaches a maximum height of 5 feet with semi-double pink flowers.

'Hadspen Abundance'
Reaches up to 5 x 4 + feet. Very prolific flowers are single to semi-double deep pink.

'Honorine Jobert'
Vigorous growing reaching a maximum size of 6 x 6+ feet. Can spread rapidly though not considered invasive.
It bears large single pure white flowers up to 3 inches wide from late summer into early autumn. Outstanding fall color plant for woodland border / understory. Use against a dark background.
Hardy north to zone 4

* photo taken on 4th of July 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.

* photos taken on October 17 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.


* photo taken on Oct 11 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC

* photos taken on Oct 15 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Oct 3 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photo of unknown internet source


'Kriemhilde'
Reaches up to 4 x 4 + feet with flowers having pink-red interior sepals and silvery-pink exterior petals.

'Lady Gilmour'
Reaches up to 5 feet in height, with huge, pale pink, double flowers, up to 3 inches wide, borne during late summer into autumn.

'Louis Uhink'
Reaches up to 4.3 feet in height with huge semi-double, white flowers, up to 5 inches across.

'Margarete'
Vigorous, reaching up to 4 feet with double, deep pink flowers on well branched stems.

'Pamina'
Reaches up to 4 x 4 feet with very prolific large, double, deep rose-red flowers, up to 4 inches across, over a long period from late August into October.

* photos taken on October 17 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.


* photo taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* photo taken on Oct 26 2015 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Aug 15 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Sep 16 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Oct 1 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on May 18 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 3 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 25 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Aug 16 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Sep 8 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Oct 3 2017 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Sep 8 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Party Dress'
Reaches up to 3.2 x 3 feet with glossy green foliage topped by very large, bright pink fluffy, double flowers, up to 4 inches wide. It commonly re-blooms.

'Pretty Lady Diane'

* photo taken on Oct 17 2017 in Elkridge, MD


'Pretty Lady Julia'

* photos taken on Oct 17 2017 in Elkridge, MD


'Prince Henry'
Reaches up to 3 x 4 feet with deep rose-pink, semi-double flowers.
The foliage is deep green.
Among the hardiest cultivars, it has been reported as hardy in Calgary, Alberta on protected sites.

* photo taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014


'Profusion'
Reaches up to 4 feet with rosy-pink flowers.

'Queen Charlotte'
Vigorous growing up to a maximum size of 5 x 6 feet with abundant, large, semi-double, pink flowers with yellow centers, up to 4 inches across, borne early to mid autumn.

* photo taken on Oct 15 2017 in Howard Co., MD


'Rosenschale'
Reaches up to 38 inches with deep pink flowers, up to 4 inches across.

'Ruffled Swan'

* photo taken on Aug 13 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Serenade'
Vigorous in habit, reaching up to 4 x 3.5 feet with double deep pink flowers during August and September.

'Whirlwind'
Reaches up to 5 x 4 + feet with prolific semi-double, pure white flowers up to 4 inches across.

* photos taken @ Smithsonian Inst, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* photos taken @ U.S. Botanical Garden, Wash., DC on Aug 25 2014

* photos taken on Oct 21 2014 @ Smithsonian Inst., Washington, DC


'White Giant'
A rapid spreading perennial, reaching a maximum height of 4 ( rarely over 3 ) feet, with large, semi-double, white flowers, up to 3 inches across.

Anemone tomentosa ( Grapeleaf Anemone )
A vigorous colonizing perennial that is long lived once established. It is native to mountains in Afghanistan and western China ( also northeast China for 'Robustissima' ).
The deeply-veined, deep green ( silvery beneath ) leaves resemble Grape leaves in appearance.
The foliage remains attractive until very late in autumn.
The pink flowers, up to 2.5 inches wide, are borne from mid summer to early autumn. The timing of its blooms make it the best choice for regions where frost come early in September.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in partial shade ( sun in cool summer regions ) on moist, fertile, light, well drained soil. Water deeply once to a few times weekly for best performance, however it is more drought tolerant than most Anemones. Deadhead to encourage repeat blooming, plants can be cut back to near groundlevel during late autumn.

'Robustissima'
Reaches a maximum size of 6.5 x 5+ ( rarely over 5 x 4 ) feet with bright pink flowers up to 3.5 inches across, borne during late summer. It can spread far and wide by underground stolons.
The leaves, vine-like leaves, are up to 12 inches across.

* photos taken on July 31 2011 in Hyde Park, NY


* photos taken on Aug 3 2012 in London, ON

* photos taken on Aug 1 2013 in Stratford, Ontario

* photos taken on Aug 25 2013 @ University of Maryland, College Park


SPRING BLOOMING ANEMONE

Anemone altaica
A creeping, mat-forming perennial, reaching up to 8 inches in height.
The maple-shaped, rounded foliage is deep green.
The white ( with light violet-purple veining inside ) flowers are borne during spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 7 in full sun to partial shade on moist, well drained soil.

Anemone apennina ( Blue Anemone )
Also called Italian Alpine Anemone. A rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 8 inches tall, that is native to the Apennine Mountains of south-central Europe. It is similar in appearanceto Anemone nemerosa. It makes a great groundcover for deciduous woodland.
The ferny foliage is bright green. The foliage dies down during summer.
The single, mid-blue ( rarely white ) flowers are borne during early spring.
Hardy zones 5 to 8.

* historic archive photo


Anemone baldensis
A mounding perennial, reaching up to 10 inches in height, that is native to the Alps in Europe.
The Maple-like foliage is attractive.
The white ( often tinged pink ) flowers are borne during late spring.
Hardy zones 6 to 7 in full sun to partial shade on humus-rich, well drained soil.

Anemone blanda ( Grecian Windflower )
A tuberous perennial, reaching up to 8 x 8 inches with attractive ferny foliage. It is native to Europe but has been reported to naturalize in Ohio, Michigan and Ontario to as far north as Wiarton.
The blue flowers, up to 2 inches across, are borne during during early spring.
Hardy zones 5 to 8 ( 4 on protected sites ), thriving in full sun on light or sandy, humus-rich, well drained soil. Soak tubers for 12 hours before planting...at which time they may quadruple in size. Plant many at a time and cover with mesh during the first winter to keep the animals from stealing the bulbs.

* photo taken on Mar 15 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Blue Star'
Bright blue flowers.

'Pink Star'
Flowers are pink with a yellow center.

'Radar'
Intense purplish-pink flowers.

'White Splendor'
Vigorous with white flowers.

Anemone canadensis ( Meadow Anemone )
A vigorous, rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 2 feet in height, that is native to wet prairies, meadows, swamps and lakeshores in northern North America ( from Mackenzie, British Columbia to Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories to Churchill, Manitoba to far northern Ontario to Newfoundland; south to central Montana to Colorado to Ohio to Maryland ). In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it was abundant in the Canard River Valley, around Point Pelee, the Lake Erie islands as well as the Ohio shore during the 1800s. It was also abundant at Detroit at that time.
The deeply-divided, rounded leaves are up to 8 ( rarely over 5 ) inches across. The foliage is bright green.
The white ( golden-yellow centered ) flowers, up to 2 inches wide, are borne during late spring.
Hardy zones 2 to 6 in partial shade on moist to wet soil.

* photos taken on May 27 2017 @ Meadowlark Botanical Gardens, Vienna, VA
* USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

* photo of unknown internet source

* photos taken on July 14 2016 in Tobermory, ON

* photos taken on July 16 2016 in Bayfield, ON

* photo taken on Jul 19 2017 @ Rideau Hall, Ottawa, ON

* historic archive photo


Anemone caroliniana ( Carolina Anemone )
A perennial, reaching up to 1.3 feet in height, that is native to dry open woods in prairies in the central U.S. ( from central South Dakota to western Wisconsin; south to central Texas to central Georgia ). It has become extinct in Indiana.
The abundant, white ( centered yellow ) flowers are borne during spring. Hardy zones 4 to 8.

* photo taken by Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


Anemone coronaria
A tuberous perennial, reaching up to 9 x 9 inches, that is native from southern Europe to central Asia.
The lacy divided foliage is bright green.
It is recommended to soak corms for 24 hours before planting.

'Harmony Blue'

* photos taken on Apr 6 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Harmony Scarlet'

* photo taken on Apr 6 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Hollandia'
Scarlet flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'Lord Lieutenant'
Bright blue flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'Mount Everest'
White flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'Mr Fokker'
Blue flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'Sylphide'
Deep violet-purple flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'The Admiral'
Intense reddish-purple flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'The Bride'
Pure white flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

'The Governor'
Intense red flowers, otherwise identical to the species.

Anemone cylindrica ( Thimbleweed )
A perennial, reaching a maximum height of 3 ( rarely over 1.5 ) feet, that is native to open woods and lakeshores in Canada and the northern U.S. ( from Prince George, British Columbia to Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Rainbow Lake, Alberta to Lake Athabaska, Alberta to northwest Saskatchewan to Kenora, Ontario to the north shore of Lake Superior to Hearst, Ontario to southern Quebec to southern Maine; south to Arizona & New Mexico ( mtns. ) to northern Missouri to northern Ohio to New Jersey ). Thimbleweed can also be found on dry prairies in the northern Great Plains. In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it was abundant around Point Pelee as well as on the Ohio shore during the 1800s. It was also abundant at Detroit during that time.
The deeply-divided foliage is glossy mid-green.
The white flowers are borne in clusters during early summer.
Hardy zones 2 to 7 in full sun to partial shade.

* USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


Anemone drummondii ( Drummond's Anemone )
A small, clump-forming perennial, reaching up to 1 foot, that is native to western North America ( from far northwest Alaska to far northwestern Nortwest Territories to Wyoming; south to northern California to northwest Nevada ). It is closely related to Anemone baldensis.
The deeply-lobed leaves are covered in fine hairs.
The white flowers are borne during late spring.
Hardy zones 5 to 8 in full sun to partial shade.

* historic archive photo


Anemone lesseri
A perennial, reaching up to 1.5 x 1.5 feet. It is a hybrid between Anemone multifida & A. sylvestris.
The finely-cut foliage is mid-green.
The deep red flowers, up to 1.5 inches wide, are borne during late spring into early summer.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in full sun to partial shade on deep, fertile, well drained soil.

Anemone leveillei
A perennial, reaching up to 2.5 x 2 feet.
The 3-lobed leaves are mid-green.
The showy, white flowers, up to 2 inches across, are borne during early to mid summer.
Hardy zones 5 to 7 in full sun to partial shade.

Anemone lyallii ( Western Wood Anemone )
A rare perennial, reaching up to 16 inches, that is native to woodland and high mountain ridges in western North America ( from Smithers, British Columbia to Valemount, British Columbia; south to northern California ).
The trifoliate leaves are composed of 3 toothed, ovate leaflets, up to 1.6 x 0.8 inches in size. The foliage is bright green.
The white flowers are borne during early spring.
Hardy zones 6 to 7 in partial shade or deciduous shade on moist soil.

Anemone multifida ( Windflower )
A mounding perennial, reaching a maximum size of 2 x 3 feet, that is native to open coniferous forests in northern North America ( from north-central Alaska to far northwestern Northwest Territories to Slave Lake, N.W.T. to far northern Ontario to Newfoundland; south to California to New Mexico to central Minnesota to northern Michigan to Maine ). Windflower can also be found on dry prairies in the northern Great Plains.
The attractive, fine-textured, deeply-cut leaves, up to 4 inches wide, are bright green.
The white flowers, up to 0.8 ( rarely over 0.5 ) inches across, are borne 2 to 3 per stalk during late spring into early summer.
Hardy zones 2 to 6 in full sun to partial shade. Does not enjoy hot humid summers. It is resistant to deer and rabbits.

* USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database


'Anabella'
Abundant, deep rosy-pink flowers.

'Major'
Creamy-yellow flowers.

'Rubra'
Reaches up to 2.5 x 3 feet, with upright stems bearing pale rose-pink flowers, up to 2 inches across.
Hardy zones 3 to 6.

Anemone narcissiflora ( Narcissus Anemone )
A perennial, reaching up to 2 ( rarely over 1.5 ) feet, that is a widespread native of Eurasia ( from central Europe to Siberia; south to northern Spain to the Caucasus to northern Japan ). It is also native to most of Alaska, the Yukon, the western Northwest Territories and northern British Columbia. It is usually found in alpine meadows in the wild.
The white flowers, up to 1.3 inches wide, are borne during late spring.
Hardy zones 1 to 6 in full sun to partial shade on moist, humus-rich soil.

Anemone nemerosa ( European Wood Anemone )
A fast growing, rhizomatous, colony-forming perennial, reaching up to 6 inches x 2 feet. It is a widespread native of Europe where it is found on dry upland woods.
The leaves, up to 5 inches in length, are divided into 5 deeply-cut leaflets.
The foliage is luxuriant green.
The flowers, up to 1.6 inches across, are borne early to mid spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 8 in partial or deciduous shade on medium-moist to moist, well drained soil, it makes a great groundcover for the shade. Clumps can be divided at the same time as the plant begins to go dormant during mid-summer.

* photo of unknown internet source

* historical archive photo


'Allenii'
Reaches up to 10 inches in height with pale blue flowers borne mid to late spring.

'Blue Bonnet'
Bright blue flowers

'Buckland'
Extremely vigorous with lavender flowers.

'Flore Plena'
Also called 'Vestal'. Reaches up to 8 inches in height, with double white flowers up to 1 inch wide.

'Robinsonii'
Reaches up to 1 foot in height, with lavender flowers.

Anemone pavonina
A perennial, reaching up to 12 x 9 inches.
The attractive foliage is palmate.
The red or purple flowers, up to 2 + inches wide, are borne early to mid spring.

Anemone quinquefolia ( Wood Anemone )
A fast spreading, rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 1 x 2 feet, that is native to upland woods in eastern North America ( from Edmonton, Alberta to central Saskatchewan to Kenora, Ontario to the north shore of Lake Superior to the southern tip of James Bay to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; south to central South Dakota to central Missouri to central Alabama and Georgia ). It is also native near Edmonton, Alberta. It is critically endangered in Missouri. In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it was abundant around Windsor, Point Pelee and the Lake Erie islands during the 1800s. It was also abundant at Detroit during that time.
The flowers are borne during mid to late spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 7. The Wood Anemone often goes dormant around mid summer if it is hot and dry. Pests and disease problems are rare. Clumps can be divide at the time they begin to go dormant.

* photos taken on Apr 17 2016 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


Anemone ranunculoides ( Buttercup Anemone )
A very attractive, fast spreading, rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 15 inches x 2 + feet, that is a widespread native to Europe. It is found in forests in the wild.
The very deeply-cut leaves, up to 6 inches in length, are luxuriant deep green. The foliage usually dieback during mid-summer, not appearing again until the following spring.
The golden-yellow flowers, up to 1.3 inches across, appear during mid-spring.
Hardy zones 3 to 9 in partial shade on moist, humus-rich soil.

'Flore Pleno'
The flowers are double, it is otherwise identical to the species.

'Superba'
Foliage is bronze at first, otherwise similar to species except for slightly larger flowers.

Anemone rivularis ( River Windflower )
A vigorous, clumping perennial, reaching up to 2 feet in height, that is a widespread native of the Himalayas.
The deeply-divided leaves, up to 4 x 6 inches in size, deep green.
The showy, pure white flowers are borne during summer.
Hardy zones 5 to 8 in full sun to partial shade on humus-rich soil.

Anemone sylvestris ( Snowdrop Anemone )
A great fast growing, groundcover perennial, reaching a maximum size of 2.5 x 3 feet ( though usually under 1.5 feet in height ), that is native from southern Sweden and mainland northern Europe to the Caucasus. It can spread very rapidly underground forming dense colonies. It is usually found in meadows and open woods in the wild.
The deeply-dissected leaves, up to 6 inches in length, are glossy deep green.
The nodding, fragrant, white flowers, up to 3 inches across, are borne during late spring, often repeating during autumn.
Hardy zones 3 to 7 ( possibly 3 ) in partial shade on just about any humus-rich soil that isn't excessively dry.

* historic archive photo


'Elsie Fellmann'
Reaches up to 15 inches in height, with very double white flowers. It is otherwise identical to the species.

Anemone trifolia ( Three-leaved Anemone )
A low, rhizome-spreading perennial, reaching a maximum height of 8 inches, that is native to open woodlands in Europe ( from Austria to Hungary; south to northern Portugal to Yugoslavia ). It is fast growing and can form a substantial colony in just 4 years. It makes a very beautiful woodland groundcover.
The leaves, up to 5 inches in length, are divided into 3 toothed, ovate leaflets. The foliage is deep green.
The white flowers, up to 0.7 inches across, are borne during mid-spring to early summer.
Hardy zones 5 to 9 in partial shade on moist, humus-rich soil.

Anemone virginiana ( Thimbleweed )
A perennial, reaching a maximum height of 3.5 feet, that is native to rich woods in central and eastern North America ( from far northeast British Columbia to northern Alberta to central Saskatchewan to far northwestern North Dakota to far southern Manitoba to Raith, Ontario to Tobermory, Ontario to Petawawa, Ontario to Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; south to eastern Oklahoma to South Carolina ). It is also found in central Alberta from Grande Prairie and the east. In the Windsor/Essex County, Ontario region; it was locally common on Pelee Island and other Lake Erie islands during the 1800s. It was also abundant at Detroit during that time.
The glossy bright green foliage is attractive.
The creamy-white flowers, up to 3 inches wide, are borne during early summer.
Hardy zones 2 to 8 in partial to full shade.

* photo of unknown internet source

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

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