Monday, January 18, 2010

Camellias

A large, genus of evergreen shrubs and trees native to the mountains of eastern Asia.
They prefer partial to full shade on fertile, neutral to acidic soil ( PH 4.5 to 6.5 ). Good drainage is essential. In cooler climates, it is recommended to protect them with burlap during the first few winters during periods of high wind or extreme cold.
They do not achieve full hardiness until fully established.
Most Camellias prefer dryish winters and wet summers, similar to what generally occurs in the monsoon climates of eastern Asia where they originate.
Camellias are fibrous and shallow rooted and make excellent plants for use in tubs and for bonsais. In cooler climates that can also be used as an espalier against a warm but not too sunny wall. Mulching is recommended to protect the roots and increase growth. Pruning isn't necessary but plants can be pruned back at the tips if a smaller bushier plant is intended. Old overgrown plants can also be cut back very early in spring before new growth begins to renovate ( cut back by 1/3 ). Older massive plants can also be limbed up to form a very attractive small tree.
Camellias can be used as a screen or informal hedge however do not shear them as it ruins their shape and will eliminate flowering.
The Camellia Society of Potomac Valley has done extensive research on the hardiness of Camellias in zone 7.
Pests and diseases are rare, in fact I've never had any problems on any Camellias on any of my properties. Camellias are very sturdy and many species can live for centuries.
Propagation is generally from semi-ripe cuttings taken late summer into winter.



* photos taken on Mar 22 2012 in Ellicott City, MD


Camellia crapnelliana
An attractive small, evergreen tree native to hillsides in southwest China. Some records include: largest on record - 40 x 15 ( rarely over 25 ) feet with a trunk diameter of 16 inches.
The heavily veined, oval leaves are up to 7 x 2 inches in size. The foliagee is very glossy deep green above, light green beneath.
The solitary flowers, up to 4 inches across are white with showy yellow stamens. The flowers appear in autumn and are followed by large, rounded seed pods that are brown.
The smooth bark is glowing cinnamon-red.
Hardy zone 8b to 11, its tendency to start into new growth very early in spring may make it prone to frost damage in areas where late spring frost occurs.

Camellia cuspidata
A graceful small tree native to woodlands of western and central China. Some records include: largest on record - 30 feet.
The long elliptic leaves are up to 4 x 1.5 inches in size.
They are purplish at first turning to glossy deep green.
The single white flowers are up to 1.5 inches across. It flowers late enough in spring to escape cold weather and the flower buds are hardy.
Hardy zone 6 to 9; it is native to areas where the winters are long and hard and where there is snow in winter.

Camellia granthamiana ( Grantham Camellia )
A rapid growing, open spreading, long lived ( 100 + years ) small tree native to southern China that can reach a maximum size of 30 ( rarely over 15 ) feet with a trunk diameter of 1 foot. It is extremely endangered in its native range.
The, puckered, heavily-veined, narrowly-oblong leaves up to 8 x 2 ( rarely over 5 ) inches in size, are glossy deep green.
The showy, large, white, single flowers, up to 7 inches wide, appear during early winter.
The bark is gray-white.
Hardy zone 8 to 11 ( tolerating as low as 10 F ). It thrives on the Gulf Coast and in Florida.

Camellia grisjii
A bushy shrub to small tree native to central and eastern China that can reach a maximum size of 33 x 12 feet with a trunk diameter of 1 foot. It is similar to Camellia sasanqua but blooms in winter and early spring with flowers up to 2.3 inches across that are white with yellow stamens.
The finely-toothed, oval leaves, up to 5 x 2 inches, are deep green.
The bark is smooth and red-brown.
Hardy zone 8 to 10

Camellia handelli ‘Snow Bells’
Also called Camellia transarisanensis. A semi-weeping, evergreen shrub, reaching up to 10 feet, that is native to the Chinese provinces of Hunan, Guizhou and Jiangxi.
The ovate or elliptical leaves are up to 2 x 0.6 ( rarely over 1 ) inches in size. The finely-textured foliage is bronze at first, turning to deep green above, bright green beneath.
The very fragrant, white flowers, up to 1.5 inches wide, appear late winter into early spring.
Hardy zones 7b to 9.

* photo taken on Nov 30 2016 in Howard Co., MD


Camellia hiemalis
Similar to Camellia sasanqua but with flowering in winter and early spring instead of autumn. The flowers, up to 2.5 inches across are white to light pink on a plant that may eventually become a small dome-canopied tree.
The deep green foliage is up to 4 inches in length.
Hardy zone 7 to 10, tolerating as low as 0 F

'Chansonette'
A vigorous spreading bush with intense pink, double flowers.

'Shishigashira'
A dense, compact, spreading shrub reaching up to 6 x 6 feet with pink-red semi-double flowers over a long season.

'Sparkling Burgundy'
A rapid growing, spreading plant reaching up to 20 x 15 feet with large, double flowers that open red fading to lighter red.

Camellia hongkongensis ( Hong Kong Camellia )
A well branched upright tree reaching up to 40 feet.
The oblong leaves, up to 5 x 1.5 inches, are purple at first turning to deep green.
The flowers are up to 2.5 inches across.
Hardy zone 10 and prefers hot climates.

Camellia irrawadiense ( Burmese Camellia )
A rare native to 8000 feet elevation in the mountains of Burma, this vigorous small tree can reach up to 23 feet.
The elliptical leaves are up to 6 x 2 inches in size. The leathery foliage is glossy deep green.
The white flowers, up to 2 inches wide, appear late autumn into early winter.
Hardy zones 8 to 9.

Camellia japonica
An evergreen, large shrub to medium-sized tree, that is native to Korea as well as central and southern Japan. A late winter to spring blooming Camellia, it grows moderately ( usually 1 or 2, rarely 3 feet in a year ) to about 20 x 13 feet in 20 years ( many cultivars are smaller growing ) and mature plants as large as 50 x 33 feet with trunk diameters up to 2 feet are known. Camellia japonica is very long lived. Some records include: largest on record - trunk diameter of 9 feet; longest lived - 1400 years.
The pointed to elliptical leaves are up to 5 x 3 inches in size. The foliage is very glossy, deep green.
The large, showy blooms, up to 4 inches wide, appear during late winter into early spring. They come in shades of red, pink and white depending on the cultivar.
The smooth bark is pale gray.
Hardy zones 7 to 11 ( some cultivars less hardy ) in partial to full shade on neutral to acid well drained soil. They thrive in the hot humid summers of the southeast U.S. but also grow in the British Isles. In recent years a stand of Camellia japonica has been found at Kominato, Japan where the wind is wild, storms are numerous and the temperature drops below 0 F yearly. The worlds hardiest species tolerates -10 F with no damage. It may even be possible to grow this clone in the warmest parts of Ontario, Canada.



* photos taken @ U.S. National Arboretum on Feb 2009









* photos taken on March 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum







* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken on Feb 8 2014 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* historic archive photos

* photos taken on Mar 31 2016 in Catonsville, MD


'Adolf Anderson'
Vigorous, upright and open, reaching up to 17 x 13 feet.
The thick, ovate leaves that curve downwards at the margins, are deep green.
The large, semi-double flowers are scarlet-red with yellow stamens are borne in spring.



'Alba Plena'
Slow growing, bushy and upright with small deep green leaves and abundant, pure white, double flowers.

'Althaeiflora'
Vigorous, upright and bushy, reaching up to 12 x 10 feet.
The broadly oval foliage is very deep green.
The abundant, large, frost resistant, deep red double flowers are borne in spring.

'Apollo'
Vigorous and open, reaching up to 15 x 10 feet.
The long, narrow leaves are deep green.
The abundant, frost resistant flowers are mid sized, intense pink-red, semi-double and borne in spring.

'Betty Sheffield White'
Moderate growing to 20 x 10 feet with pure white, double flowers to 5 inches across.

'Blood of China'
Reaches up to 10 x 10 feet with intense hot pink flowers.

'Bob Hope'
A slow growing, upright, medium size shrub with large, deep red, semi-double flowers borne late season.

'Candy Apple'
Single intense scarlet-red flowers.

'Debutante'
Reaches up to 20 feet with double, light pink flowers up to 4 inches across.

'Desire'
Vigorous upright growing with deep green foliage and large, light pink, double flowers borne over a long season.

'Elaenor Hagood'
Reaches up to 12 x 10 feet with very light pink, double flowers.

'Elegans'
Moderate growing, reaching up to 15 x 10 feet with profuse, very large, double hot pink flowers up to 6 inches across, borne March to May.
The wavy ovate leaves are deep green.

'Elegans Supreme'
Slow growing and spreading, reaching up to 12 x 10 feet
The abundant red flowers are large, double and ruffled, borne March to May.
The wavy ovate leaves are deep green.

'Elegans Variegated'
The pink blooms are blotched with white.

'Finlandia'
Moderate growing to 10 x 10 feet with double white flowers.

'Giulio Nuccio'
A vigorous shrub up to 13 x 10 feet that is upright when young, later spreading.
The lance, taper pointed leaves are medium green.
The very large, semi-double scarlet-red flowers with yellow stamens are borne mid to late spring.

'Glen'
Double scarlet red flowers with triangular petals.

'Great Eastern'
Fast growing, tall and bushy with large, deep red, semi-double flowers over a long season. Moderately sun tolerant.

'Janet Waterhouse'
A sturdy upright plant with abundant double white flowers.

'Joshua E. Youtz'
A medium size shrub reaching up to 10 x 10 feet with double white flowers.

'Korean Fire'
Reaches up to 15 x 8 feet with single, scarlet-red flowers and broad, glossy deep green foliage.
This cultivar originated as a discover in the wild by horticulturalist Barry Yinger near the North Korea border. A spectacular discover that greatly expands the range of Camellia in U.S. gardens.
Hardy zones 6 to 9. No damage following -12 F and has even been grown in central Pennsylvania.

* photo taken on Apr 14 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Korean Snow'
Identical to 'Korean Fire' except for bearing pure white, single flowers.

'Kramer's Supreme'
A medium-sized shrub to 10 x 8 feet with double scarlet-red flowers.

* photos taken on Mar 1 2017 in Columbia, MD


'Magellan'
Tall, spreading vigorous shrub with large, intense purple-violet flowers when grown on acidic soil.

'Mathotiana'
An upright, bushy shrub reaching up to 20 x 10 feet.
The pointed oval leaves are glossy mid green.
The very large, double flowers are deep red and borne mid to late spring.

'Mathotiana Supreme'
Similar to 'Mathotiana' but fast growing to 20 x 15 feet.

'Memphis Belle'
Flowers are double with petals that are white, variegated with intense red on the outides.

'Midnight'
Semi-double intense scarlet red flowers.

'Moshio'
Double scarlet red flowers

'Mrs Charles Cobb'
to 20 x 8 feet

'Nuccio's Cameo'
Large double hot pink flowers.

'Nuccio's Carousel'
Mid size, semi-double pink blooms

'Nuccio's Gem'
Reaching up to 20 x 10 feet with very glossy deep green leaves.
Very double, large pure white, early season flowers

'Pax'
Double pure white flowers.

'Pearl Maxwell'
Reaches up to 8 x 8 feet

'Pink Perfection'
Vigorous and upright in habit, reaching up to 12 x 10 feet.
The small, double, pink flowers are borne over a long period.

'Polar Bear'
Double white flowers

'Prince Frederick William'
Double flowers that are pink, deep pink in the center.

'Purity'
Very double pure white flowers

'Red Jade'
Exceptionally hardy tolerating as low as -9 F!!! It is moderate grower with abundant bright red flowers lasting from late winter to mid spring.

subsp. 'Rusticana'
A medium-sized, evergreen shrub reaching up to 13 x 10 ( rarely over 8 ) feet, that is native to high mountains on the Japan Sea side of Honshu Island in Japan. In its natural range, there a constant blanket of snow in winter which protects the slow growing, dense, bushy shrubs. It is endangered in the wild.
The minutely-toothed, oval leaves, up to 5 inches in length, are glossy mid-green.
The showy, scarlet-red, single flowers, up to 1.5 inches wide, appear during mid to late spring.
Hardy zones 7 to 9.

'Scentsation'
Reaches up to 12 x 8 feet wither very double hot pink flowers.

'Silver Waves'
Slow growing, reaching up to 8 x 8 feet with single white flowers.

'Spring Promise'
Large glossy green foliage and deep rosy-red, single flowers up to 3.5 inches wide. The blooms are borne during early spring and also sporadically during most of the winter if weather remains mild.
Hardy zones 6b to 9

Camellia lutchensis
A fast growing, arching, small tree with arching branches, reaching a maximum size of 66 x 12 ( rarely over 30 ) feet, that is native to Japan's Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan. Some records include: 3 years - 8 feet; 12 years - 20 feet.
The elliptical leaves are up to 1.5 inches in length. The leathery foliage is russet at first, turning to glossy deep green.
The abundant, small, very fragrant, white ( pink in bud ) flowers are clustered along the branches during winter and early spring.
Hardy zone 8 to 10 in full sun to partial shade.

Camellia nitidissima ( Golden Camellia )
Also called Camellia chrysantha and Camellia euphlebia. A fast growing, dense, upright small tree reaching a maximum size of 17 x 10 feet. It is native to a region of southwest China and northern Vietnam where the summers are hot and humid and the winters are dry, it is endangered in its native range.
The conspicuously-veined, elliptical leaves are up to 10 x 2.5 inches in size. The leathery foliage is bronze at first turning to bright green.
The single to semi-double bright yellow flowers up to 2 inches across are borne during early winter, sometimes persisting into early spring. Over 200 flowers may be borne on a plant.
The bark is gray-white.
Hardy zone 9b to 11 ( tolerating 23 F )

Camellia oleifera
The Oil Camellia from southeast Asia is a vigorous, sturdy, dense, upright, small tree to 27 x 33 feet in size and can grow up to 22 inches per year.
The elliptical leaves are up to 5 x 2 inches in size. The attractive, leathery foliage is glossy deep green above, pale green beneath all year.
The fragrant, single white flowers, up to 4 inches across are borne during autumn to early winter.
The bark is attractive, smooth and an intense indian-red in color. These small trees should be limbed up and thinned to show off this ornamental asset.
While it grows best in part sun on well drained moist soil, the Oil Camellia is moderately drought tolerant. It is also the most hardy species tolerating down to -10 F. In fact some cultivars are even hardier.

'Yo Shan Snow'
It is identical in appearance but survives even colder temperatures down to -15 F.
It is known to have grown to 8 feet in zone 6 Ohio and may survive even in zone 5b. There is no leaf damage at 0 F and it was the only Camellia to survive in central Maryland during the coldest winter in recorded history - 1977 though there has been an abundance of new cultivars since that may be equally hardy.

* photos taken on Feb 2009 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.





* photo taken @ U.S. National Arboretum on August 2005


* photos taken on October 17 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.

* photos taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photo taken on Apr 24 2016 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Survivor'
Not really any different from Yo Shan Snow. It looks like Camellia oleifera and has survived and bloomed in southern Ontario, Canada ( zone 6 )

Camellia omeiensis ( Omei Red Camellia )
Also called Camellia mairei. A very ornamental small tree reaching a maximum height of 50 feet in its native Sichuan where it is nearly extinct.
The elliptical leaves are up to 6 x 2.2 inches in size.
The large, red flowers appear late autumn into early winter.
Hardy zones 8 to 9 ( est )

* photo of unknown internet source


Camellia pitardii
A very ornamental, slow growing, open, spreading, small tree native to southern China that reaches a maximum size of 33 x 12 feet.
The sharply-toothed, lance shaped leaves are up to 5.5 x 3.5 ( rarely over 5 x 1.5 ) inches in size. The leathery foliage is deep green above, pale green beneath.
The abundant white to pale pink or rose-pink flowers appear during late autumn.
Hardy zone 7 to 10 and easy to grow.

Camellia purpurea ( Purple Camellia )
Also called Camellia crassicolumna. Related to Camellia sinensis, it forms a small tree, reaching a maximum size of 50 ( rarely over 17 x 7 ) feet. It is native to evergreen forests in the mountains of western Guizhou and southeast Yunnan provinces in China.
The toothed, elliptic leaves are up to 8 x 2.3 ( rarely over 5.5 ) inches in size. The foliage is glossy deep green above, pale green beneath.
The dark red, single flowers, up to 2.5 inches across, appear during late autumn.
Hardy zones 8 to 9

Camellia reticulata
A large long lived, domed open tree reaching up to 27 x 20 feet in 20 years, the largest on record being 55 x 30 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet. Some other records include: largest in England - 33 + x 30 feet @ Kew; longest lived - 500 years. This species of Camellia can live hundreds of years. Native to western China, it is endangered in the wild.
The net-veined, toothed leaves are up to 5 x 2.5 inches in size. The leathery foliage is narrower than Camellia japonica and is also dull and deeper green.
The large rose-pink flowers up to 9 inches across are rose-pink with velvety bracts. They appear during winter into early spring.
Hardy zone 8 to 10

'Arch of Triumph'
Upright, open shrubby habit. The huge flowers are double rose-red with intense yellow stamens.

'Captain Rawes'
A small tree reaching up to 15 x 10 feet or more ( record is 27 feet with trunk diameter of 9 inches ) with very large, semi-double intense red flowers up to 6 inches across, borne late winter to early spring.
Largest on record - 27 feet with a trunk diameter of 10 inches.
The rigid leathery, broadly oblong leaves are deep green.

'Change of Day'
Semi-double light pink flowers with yellow stamens.

'Cornelian'
A large open shrub. The foliage is somewhat variegated and the flowers are large and deep red with white blotches.

'Highlight'
Semi-double bright scarlet-red blooms with yellow stamens.

'Nuccio's Ruby'
Upright, dense and vigorous with abundant, very large, double deep red flowers with showy yellow stamens.

'Otto Hopher'
Flowers are dark pink with stamens that are tipped golden-yellow

'Purple Gown'
Flowers are deep purple in bud and open to large, double deep red flowers pinstriped in bright red.

'Red Crystal'
Scarlet-red flowers wiht long golden stamens.

'Shot Silk'
Vigorous, open and upright in habit with prolific, large, double red-pink flowers.

'Narrow-leafed Shot Silk'
Vigorous, open and upright in habit with prolific, large, double red-pink flowers. Its narrow leaves give it a willow-like appearance.

Camellia rosiflora
Also called Camellia maliflora. A dense, evergreen, large shrub to small tree reaching a maximum height of 25 feet that is native to China. It is closely related to Camellia sasanqua.
The toothed, elliptical leaves are up to 3 x 1 inches in size. The foliage is glossy mid-green.
The lightly-fragrant, pink, single flowers, up to 1.5 inches wide, are borne during winter.
Hardy zone 6 to 10; it is as hardy as the hardiest Camellia japonicas.

* historical archive photo


Camellia saluensis
A vigorous, fast growing, attractive, open small tree to 15 x 8 feet that is native to the mountains of southwest China. Some records include: largest on record - 20 x 20 feet with a trunk diameter of 6 inches.
The blunt-tipped, oval leaves are up to 3 x 0.8 inches in size. The leathery foliage is glossy deep green above, pale green beneath.
The intense mid-pink ( rarely white ), single flowers, up to 2 inches across, are borne late winter into early spring.
Hardy zone 7 to 10; it is excellent for planting in woodland understories. It is a parent of many of the cold hardy hybrid Camellias.

Camellia sasanqua ( Sasanqua Camellia )
A fall blooming Camellia, it grows moderately ( usually 1 or 2, rarely 3 feet in a year ) to about 13 feet though plants as large as 33 x 20 feet with trunk diameter of 2.3 feet are known. These Japanese natives are excellent as free standing large shrubs or small trees in the woodland garden but are also useful as an informal hedge or espalier. Very long-lived, Sasanqua Camellias are known to persist as long as 1000 years.
The ovate to oval leaves, up to 3.5 inches long, are very glossy deep green.
The flowers, up to 3.5 inches wide, appear during mid to late autumn. They appear in shades of red, pink and white depending on the cultivar.
Hardy zones 7 to 11 in partial to full shade on neutral to acid well drained soil. The Sasanqua Camellia can tolerate full sun, even in California.

* photos taken Feb 2009 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.










'Agnes O Solomon'
Reaches up to 15 + feet.
Very showy single, deep pink flowers with wide petals.

* photos taken on October 17 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.






'Cleopatra'
Vigorous yet compact and upright, reaching up to 15 x 8 feet. It makes a great informal hedge.
The abundant flowers are semi-double to double and rosy-pink.

* photos taken on Nov 4 2016 in Howard Co., MD


'Cotton Candy'
Tall and spreading in habit, reaching up to 15 x 8 feet.
The ruffled, semi-double flowers are clear pink.

* photos taken on Oct 19 2013 in Columbia, MD


'Gulf Glory'
Vigorous and upright with pure white flowers with showy golden-yellow stamens.

'Hana Jiman'
Vigorous and densely-upright, reaching up to 15 x 8 feet.
The foliage is glossy deep green.
The semi-double flowers are white and edged in pink.
Hardy zones 7 to 9.

* photo taken on Nov 4 2016 in Howard Co., MD


'Kanjiro'
Also called 'Hiryu'. Vigorous, dense and upright to semi-weeping, reaching up to 15 x 10 feet in size.
The foliage is glossy deep green.
The very showy, large flowers are semi-double and pinkish-red.



* photo taken on Oct 10 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Nov 4 2016 in Howard Co., MD


'Long Island Pink'
Dense and upright in habit, reachhing up to 10 x 8 feet in 10 years, eventually more. The foliage is glossy very deep green.
It bears bright pink, single flowers, up to 3.5 inches across, during mid to late autumn.

* photos taken on October 15 2010 in Columbia, MD



* photos taken on Dec 13 2011 in Columbia, MD


* photos taken on Nov 4 2016 in Howard Co., MD


'Mason Farm'
A rapid growing Sasanqua hybrid that can reach up to 30 feet with glossy deep green foliage and single white flowers from September to December.
Hardy to -10 F




* photos taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD


'Mikuniko'
Early blooming with single rose-pink flowers.

'Mine-no-yuki'
Also called 'Snow on the Peak'. Vigorous and semi-weeping in habit, bearing abundant, semi-double, white flowers during mid-autumn.
The foliage is bronze-red at first during spring.

'Misty Moon'
Upright in habit with large, light lavender pink flowers.
Largest on record - 13 feet with a trunk diameter of 9 inches.

'Narumigata'
Singe white flowers that are edged pink, with long yellow stamens.
Some records include: largest on record - 13 feet with a trunk diameter of 9 inches.

'Plantation Pink'
Tall and spreading in habit with abundant bright pink, flat single flowers.

'Satan's Robe'
Upright in habit with glossy foliage and large, deep red, semi-double flowers with golden-yellow stamens.

'Setsugekka'
Also called 'Wavy White'; is handsome, upright, tall and vigorous, reaching up to 15 x 15 feet.
The large, showy flowers are white and semi-double.

* photos taken on May 7 2014 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photos taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD


'Sparkling Burgundy'
Reaches up to 15 x 8 feet, with double, intense purplish-pink flowers borne throughout autumn.
Hardier than most C. sasanqua cultivars, north to zone 7 ( even possibly 6b on very protected sites ).

* photo taken on Oct 17 2013 in Olney, MD


'Yuletide'
Moderate growing, dense and upright in habit, reaching up to 12 x 10 feet.
The foliage is glossy deep green.
The intense scarlet-red ( with bright yellow stamens ), single flowers are borne late autumn to early winter.

* photo taken on Oct 17 2013 in Howard Co., MD
* photo taken on Oct 30 2014 in Columbia, MD


Camellia sinensis ( Chinese Tea Camellia )
A fast growing, small tree that is native to most of southern China that has been used in the commercial production of Tea for centuries. Some records include: largest on record - 20 x 25 feet with a trunk diameter of 20 inches; longest lived - 800 years.
The minutely-toothed, narrowly-elliptical or oblong leaves are up to 6 x 3 inches in size. The crinkled, leathery foliage is glossy deep green above, pale green beneath.
The white ( with yellow stamens ) flowers, up to 1.5 inches wide, appear during mid to late autumn.
Hardy zones 6 to 8 ( 5 ) in partial to full shade, preferring a soil PH from 4.5 to 7.3.

* photo of unknown internet source

* photo taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


'Rosea'
Foliage is red at first before turning to green; the flowers are light pink.
It is otherwise similar to the species.

subsp 'sinensis'
Larger growing and dense, reaching a maximum height of 66 feet with a trunk diameter of 3.5 feet.
The smooth edged leaves are also larger, shiny dark green and leathery, up to 12 x 5 inches.

Camellia taliensis
A small tree native to western Yunnan Province in southwest China as well as northern Burma and northern Thailand. Some records include: largest on record - 43 x 20 feet with a trunk diameter of 14 inches.
The elliptical leaves are up to 6 x 3 inches in size. The leathery foliage is glossy deep green above, pale green beneath.
The white flowers, up to 2.5 inches wide, are borne in clusters of 1 to 3 during mid to late autumn.

Camellia tsai
A spreading pendulous, bushy small tree native to southern China, Burma and northern Vietnam; reaching up to 12 x 10 feet or more. Some records include: largest on record - 33 x 15 feet.
The drooping, wavy-edged lance-shaped leaves are up to 4 x 1.3 inches in size. The foliage is coppery at first, turning to glossy deep green above and paler green beneath.
The abundant, small, cup-shaped, white, single flowers are borne late winter to early spring.
Hardy zone 8 to 10

Camellia x vernalis
A group of hybrid Camellias that are generally similar to the Sasanqua.
Most cultivars are shrubby reaching a maximum size of 15 x 13 feet. It is excellent both as a free standing shrub and as a hedge.
The somewhat papery, lance shaped leaves are up to 5.5 inches in length.
The flowers, up to 3 inches wide, are borne mid-winter to mid-spring unlike the Sasanqua.
Hardy zone 7 to 10

'Dawn'
A tall bushy shrub with abundant white, semi-double flowers in late fall over a long season.

'Egao'
Vigorous, upright and spreading, reaching up to 15 x 12 feet. The hardy, weather proof flowers are semi-double and deep pink with golden stamens.

'Yuletide'
Moderate growing, dense and upright, reaching up to 20 x 12 feet. Some records include: 6 years - 8 feet.
The prolific, small, open, single flowers are intense scarlet-red with showy yellow stamens.

Camellia x williamsii
The hybrids between Camellia japonica & C. saluensis; it is neat and vigorous growing, reaching a maximum height of 23 feet.
Hardy zones 8 to 10, tolerating cool summers and wet winters better than most Camellias making it an excellent choice for the Pacific Northwest and the British Isles. Very easy to grow.
The leaves, up to 4 inches in length, are similar to that of Camellia japonica but are lighter green and not as glossy.
The flowers are profuse.

'Ballet Queen'
Very double, silvery-pink late season flowers that are red towards the center.

'Bow Bells'
Open and somewhat pendulous reaching up to 13 x 8 feet with early, profuse, trumpet-shaped, semi-double red-pink flowers.
The small, lance shaped leaves are medium green.

'Buttons 'n' Bows'
Showy double flowers have very light pink inner petals and deep pink outer petals.

'Caerhays'
Arching in habit with large foliage.
The semi-double flowers are deep red-pink with yellow stamens.

'Debbie'
A vigorous tall plant reaching up to 10 x 8 feet with medium green foliage.
The bright pink double flowers are borne mid winter to early spring.

'Donation'
A vigorous upright shrub reaching up to 17 x 8 feet with very profuse, large, silvery-pink, semi-double flowers late winter to early spring.
The lance shaped leaves are glossy deep green.

'E.G. Waterhouse'
Vigorous growing with soft pink cupped flowers.

'Francis Hanger'
A large shrub up to 12 x 10 feet that is upright when young, later spreading.
The lance shaped foliage is glossy deep green.
Single pure white flowers with golden-yellow stamens are borne late winter into spring.

'Golden Sprangles'
Vigorous and upright to 13 x 8 feet with small, single, mid pink flowers late winter into early spring.
The small, elliptic leaves are glossy deep green with yellow-green variegation in the middle. Has among the most beautiful foliage of all Camellias.

'Jubilation'
Double pink, wavy petalled flowers with long golden-yellow stamens.

'Margaret Waterhouse'
Vigorous with semi-double, round petalled, pink flowers.

'Ole'
Flowers are dark pink in bud opening to salmon-pink

'Shocking Pink'
Bushy and tall with ruffled, semi-double, bright pink flowers.

'Water Lily'
Vigorous and upright growing to 15 x 10 feet with double, rose-pink flowers late winter into early spring.
The lance shaped leaves are gloss deep green.

Camellia yuhsienensis
A moderate growing, upright, evergreen, small tree, reaching up to 20 feet or slightly more, that is native to southeastern China.
The fragrant, white, single flowers appear during late winter.
Hardy zones 7b to 9.

* photo taken on March 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC


Camellia yunnanensis
A study, small tree native to southern China that reaches a maximum height of 23 feet.
The smooth, finely-toothed leaves are up to 4 x 1.5 inches in size. The foliage is deep green above, light green beneath.
The abundant, single white flowers have yellow stamens and are borne in clusters. They appear late summer into autumn.
Hardy zone 7 to 10 and easy to grow.

Camellia x hybrids

'April Blush'
C oleifera x C japonica. Upright and very vigorous growing to 8 x 5 feet. Fast growing, growth rates as much as 3 feet are possible.
Leaves, up to 4 inches in length are glossy deep green.
The abundant, double light pink flowers flowers are borne early to mid spring.
hardy zone 6 to 9, no damage at -5 F

'April Dawn'
C oleifera x C japonica. Upright and vigorous growing to 8 x 5 feet. Fast growing, growth rates as much as 3 feet are possible.
Leaves, up to 4 inches in length are glossy deep green.
Double white flowers with light variegation of light pink, borne mid to late spring.
hardy zone 6 to 9, no damage at -5 F

'April Kiss'
Moderate growing and compact in habit, bearing double red flowers borne during early spring. Hardy north to zone 6

'April Melody'
Vigorous in habit, bearing single, red flowers over a long season from early to late spring.

'April Remembered'
Bushy and vigorous, bearing cream and pink flowers over a long period during spring.
The foliage is large and glossy.
Hardy zones 6b to 9.

'April Snow'
White flowers borne in spring. Hardy north to zone 6

'Black Lace'
Bushy and compact with very deep red, double flowers in late winter. Zone 8 +

'Cinnamon Cindy'
Fast growing and slender in habit with bronze new foliage in spring.
The abundant, small, fragrant, white flowers are borne in winter. Zone 8 +

'Cornish Snow'
An upright, open large shrub reaching up to 15 x 12 feet.
The taper pointed, narrow foliage is very dark green with purple flushing.
Abundant, single white flowers are borne in early spring.
Somewhat alkaline soil tolerant. Zones 7 to 9

'Fragrant Pink Improved'
Open and spreading in habit with red new foliage in spring.
The flowers are small, fragrant, deep pink and very double. Zone 8 +

'Francie L'
Tall growing with huge, fragrant, intense rose-pink, very double flowers. Zone 8 +

'Freedom Bell'
Compact and upright in habit with abundant, small, red, bell-shaped flowers. Zone 8 +

'Howard Asper'
Possibly originating from Camellia reticulata; it has large, wavy petalled, crinkled, deep red, semi-double blooms. Zone 8 +

'Nicky Crisp'
Large, pink, semi-double blooms. Zone 8 +

'Polar Ice'
Spreading in habit, reaching up to 6.5 feet in 10 years and eventually up to 8 x 8 feet. The abundant, white, double flowers are borne late autumn to early winter.
Hardy zones 6b to 9.

'Salutation'
Large growing with large, semi-double flowers that are silvery-pink with showy yellow stamens. Zone 8 +

'Snow Flurry'
Dense and spreading in habit. Some records include: fastest recorded growth rate - 2 feet; largest on record - 10 x 13 feet.
The very abundant, very double, white flowers, up to 3 inches wide, are borne mid to late autumn.
Hardy zones 6 to 9.

* photo taken on Oct 30 2014 in Columbia, MD

* photos taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD


'Sweet Jane'
A open, upright large bush with mid sized, light pink flowers that are borne over a long season, even up to 6 months.

'Sweet Emily'
A dense, slightly weeping large bush with mid sized, light pink flowers that are borne over a long season, even up to 6 months.

'Winter Beauty'
Upright in habit, reaching up to 3 feet in the second year and eventually to as much as 12 feet.
The double, pink flowers are borne late autumn to early winter.
Hardy north to zone 6a tolerating as low as -15 F and having been known to be cultivated in sheltered locations in zone 5.

'Winter's Charm'
An upright shrub, reaching up to 3 feet in the second year, 7 x 5 feet in 10 years ; and eventually to as much as 12 x 8 feet.
The semi-double, intense purplish-pink flowers, up to 3.3 inches across, are borne late autumn to early winter.
Hardy north to zone 6a tolerating as low as -15 F

'Winter's Fire'
Dense and upright in habit, reaching up to 3 feet in the second year and eventually to as much as 12 feet.
The single to semi-double, pink ( with showy golden-yellow stamens ) flowers are borne late autumn to early winter.
Hardy north to zone 6a tolerating as low as -15 F

'Winter's Hope'
Spreading in habit, reaching up to 3 feet in the second year and eventually to as much as 12 feet.
The Semi-double, white ( with showy golden-yellow stamens ) flowers, up to 5 inches across, are borne late autumn to early winter.
Hardy north to zone 6a tolerating as low as -15 F.

* photo taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD


'Winter's Interlude'
Upright to eventually spreading in habit, reaching up to 9 x 11 feet.
The medium-sized, pink, double flowers are borne late autumn to early winter.
Hardy north to zone 6a tolerating as low as -15 F.

* photos taken on June 23 2013 @ U.S. National Arboretum, DC

* photos taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD


'Winter's Snowman'
Upright in habit, reaching a maximum size of 12 x 11 feet. Some records include: fastest growth rate - 3.3 feet.
The medium-sized, white, double flowers are borne late autumn to early winter.

* photo taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photos taken on Nov 4 2016 in Howard Co., MD


'Winter's Star'
Very fast growing ( rates as much as 3.5 feet recorded ) and dense, upright in habit, with glossy deep green foliage.
The pink to reddish-pink, single flowers, up to 3.5 inches across, are borne mid to late autumn.
Hardy north to zone 6a tolerating as low as -15 F and having been known to be cultivated in sheltered locations in zone 5.

* photo taken on October 17 2010 @ U.S. National Arboretum, D.C.

* photos taken on Nov 11 2013 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on Oct 21 2014 @ U.S. Botanical Gardens, Washington, DC

* photos taken on Nov 19 2016 @ London Town Gardens, Edgewater, MD

* photos taken on Dec 3 2016 in Columbia, MD

* photo taken on June 12 2017 in Columbia, MD


RELATED PLANTS

Schima wallichii
A large evergreen tree, that is native to northern India to southern China to Taiwan and far southern Japan; south to Burma, Thailand and Vietnam. Some records include: 6 years - trunk diameter of 4.5 inches; 8 years - 14 feet; 16 years - 40 x 27 feet; 22 years - 57 feet with a trunk diameter of 9 inches; largest on record - 66 feet.
The elliptical leaves are up to 9.5 x 3 ( rarely over 6 ) inches in size. The leathery foliage is deep green above, pale green beneath.
The fragrant, white flowers, up to 2.8 inches wide, are borne in clusters of 1 to 3 during mid to late spring.

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